-->

新东方网>大学教育>四六级>复习辅导>四级>四级辅导>语法>正文

2013大学英语四六级考试语法精要(6)

2013-03-29 10:32

来源:

作者:

  从句

  I 定语从句

  1. 先行词为all, anything, something, nothing, everything, much, little, none等不定代词时,关系代词一般只用that,不用which。在大多数情况下that可以省略.

  Please tell me everything (that) you know about the matter.

  That’s all (that) we can do at the moment.

  2. as引出的限制性定语从句

  在such … as的结构中as可作关系代词,引出限制性定语从句。有时和same连用,在从句中可作主语、宾语或表语等。

  Such people as were recommended by him were reliable.

  I’ve never seen such a talented young man as he is.

  I have the same trouble as you (have).

  3. as引出的非限制性定语从句

  as可作关系代词引出非限制性定语从句,代替整个主句,通常译为“(正)如…一样”,“(正)象…一样”等。as引导的从句一般用逗号与主句隔开,可以位于主句的前面、中间或后面.

  I live a long way from work, as you know.

  She did not, as her friend had feared, break down.

  As is generally accepted, economic growth is determined by the smooth development of production.

  4. 分隔式定语从句

  定语从句一般紧跟在先行词之后,但有时会被其他句子成分与先行词隔开,从而构成分隔式定语从句。

  The days are gone when power politics worked.

  A new teacher will come tomorrow who will teach you French.

  5.介词+关系代词(which/whom等)引出的定语从句

  如果关系代词(which/whom等)在定语从句中作介词的宾语,那么这个介词可以提到从句前,构成“介词+关系代词(which/whom等)+定语从句”。在这种结构中关系代词不可以用that。

  This is a subject about which we might argue for a long while.

  The four travelers with whom I shared the room were pleasant people.

  6.关系代词在限制性定语从句中常可以省略,一般有以下几种情况:

  1) 关系代词在从句中作直接宾语时,在大多数情况下可以省略。

  This is something (that) you must always keep in mind.

  The man (whom) you just met is our manager.

  关系代词作介词宾语时,介词位于句尾时关系代词可以省略;介词位于关系代词之前时则关系代词不能省略。

  This is the room (which) Churchill was born in.

  This is the room in which Churchill was born.(which不可省略)

  2) 关系代词作主语时一般不能省略,但如果关系代词在由there … be存在句构成的定语从句中作主语时常可省略。

  This is the only book (that) there is on this subject.

  The old professor made full use of the time (that) there was left to him to continue his research.

  3) 在way后面的定语从句中in which或that通常省略。

  That’s the way (that/in which) I look at it.

  I don’t like the way (that/in which) you laugh at her.


官方微信:四六级小助手 (微信号:koolearncet

四六级免费好课、听说读写译方法、四六级最新资讯、海量过级资料!
扫描左侧二维码,关注免费领取!

资料下载

  • 四六级听力精华资料

    3342次下载 点击下载
  • 四六级阅读精华资料

    2621次下载 点击下载
  • 四六级写作精华资料

    4734次下载 点击下载
  • 四六级词汇精华资料

    1854次下载 点击下载
  • 四六级综合精华资料

    1391次下载 点击下载
  • 四六级口语精华资料

    1391次下载 点击下载
名称名称
300次下载

微信扫码关注"新东方网"服务号

即可立刻获取!

猜你喜欢

  • 动态
  • 报考
  • 成绩
  • 辅导

          新东方英语四六级辅导专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

          焦点推荐

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

          热搜关键词