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2013大学英语四级:词汇解析第四期

2013-03-29 10:28

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  According to a survey,which was based on the responses of over 1800,000 students,today's traditional-age college freshmen are "more materialistic and less altruistic" than at any time in the 17 years of the poll.

  Not surprising in thes hard times,the student's major objective " is to be financially well off. Less important than ever is developing a meaningful philosophy of life." It follows then that today the most popular course is not literature or history but accounting.

  Interest in teaching ,social service and the " altruistic" fields is at a low. On the other hand, enrolment in businness programs,engineering and computer science is way up.

  While it's true that we all need a career, it is equally true that our civilization has accumulated an incredible amout of knowledge in fields far removed from our own and that we are better for our understanding of thes other contributions - be they scientific or artistic.It is equally true that, in studying the diverse wisdom of others,we learn how to think.More important, perhaps,education teaches us to see the connections between things,as well as to see beyond our immediate needs.

  Weekly we read of unions who went on strike for higher wages,only to drive their employer out of bussiness.No company;no job.How shortsighted in the log run!

  But the most important argument for a broad education is that in studying the accumulated wisdom of the ages,we improve our moral sense.

  1. According to the author's observation,college students ______________.

  A. have never been so materialistic as today

  B. have never been so interested in the arts

  C. have never been so financially well of as today

  D. have never attached so much importance to moral sense

  2. The students' criteria for selecting majors today have much to do with ________.

  A. the infuences of their instructors

  B. the financial goals they seek in life

  C. their own interpretations of the courses

  D. their understanding of the contributions of others

  3. By saying " While it's true that ... be they screntific or artistic " (Lines 1-3,Para.5),the author means that___________.

  A. business management should be included in educational programs

  B. human wisdom has accumulated at an extraordinarily high speed

  C. human intellectual development has reached new heights

  D. the importance of a broad education should not be overlooked

  4. Studying the diverse wisdom of others can _____________.

  A. create varying artistic interests

  B. help people see things in their right perspective

  C. help improve connections among people

  D. regulate the behavior of modern people

  5. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

  A. Businessmen absorbed in their career are narrow-minded.

  B. Managers often find it hard to tell right from wrong

  C. People engaged in technical jobs lead a more rewarding life

  D. Career seekers should not focus on immediate interests only.

  答案:

  A B D B D

  well off : 富裕

  in the long run: 从长远看,终究

  [扩展]: in the short run 在不久的将来 ;on the run 忙碌,奔波,奔跑,逃跑;run away with 战胜,偷走,与...私奔,轻易地赢(比赛等)


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