Part I: Writing
Smart Saving or Smart Spending?
一、有人喜欢节俭生活，未雨绸缪;(save for rainy days)
二、有人喜欢超前消费，入不敷出;(can not make ends meet)
PartⅡ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) Human Networking
I knew, no computer or technology ever got any of us a raise, landed us that dream job, found us that mentor (良师) who cared deeply about us and our careers or put that special joy in our lives that can only come from relationships with others.
All these great things are made possible by a completely different type to networking: human networking. And not the kind that has given “networking” a bad name --- that superficial, insincere, manipulative stuff that we all can smell a mile away. No, I’m talking about the true art of networking, based on respectful and caring relationships that promote mutual success. Relationships
Let me start with one of the most fundamental aspects of human relationships. For each and every thing you want to achieve in life---whether it’s landing a job, earning a raise or promotion or finding that lifelong romance---there will be at least one person on the other end deciding whether or give you or help you get what you want. Everything we do can only be accomplished through and with other people. Simply put, of any kind, requires relationships. Just think of the words of Margaret Wheatley: Relationships are all there is. Everything in the universe only exists because it is in relationship to everything else. Nothing exists in isolation. We have to stop pretending we are individuals that go it alone.
If this is the way the universe works, you can see why human relationships and human networks are so important.
The most common mistake people make when building relationships for their career success is treating business contacts differently than personal friends. Aren’t they always forgiving when you slip up and more helpful when you’re in need? Of course! I guarantee your work will become easier and more joyful if you make more of your business relationships personal.
How to do it? The same way you make genuine friends. Build trust through intimacy; show them that besides being professional, you’re also human. Skip the small talk and go deep into what really matters---your dreams or fears, your children or the business issues that keep you up at night. And don’t think for a moment that they’ll think less of you. In fact, usually the opposite happens.
When I tell people about humble beginnings---I grew up a country boy in rural, southwestern Pennsylvania, the son of an often-unemployed steelworker and a cleaning lady---and how it took me so long to overcome my insecurities of being poor and being picked on by kids from ore well-to-do families, people don’t think less of me. They immediately empathize (感同身受)and feel more endeared to me than ever before. All you have to do is let your guard down and show enough vulnerability to make others comfortable with opening up to you.
Also, don’t stop with treating business friends like you treat personal friends. Mix them, too. Invite business contacts to your home and introduce them to your family. Invite a client out to dinner along with an old pal from school and your significant other or a date. Don’t compartmentalize you personal, professional and community lives. Blur the boundaries! You’ll have more fun and do more for all three parts of your life in less time. Planning
The more specific you are about what you want to do, the easier it becomes to develop a strategy to accomplish it. Part of that strategy, of course, will be establishing relationships with the people in your universe who can help you get where you’re going. So, first, do some deep introspection(自省)to find your Blue Flame, the thing in life that really lights your fire. Write, pray, whatever you need to do clear you head and figure this stuff out. I enjoy great results from Vipassana meditation.
Once you’ve found your Blue Flame, it’s time to have a RAP, or a Relationship Action Plan. Here’s a simple way to get started. Write down your goals and the names and types of people who can help you achieve them. Then, note how you can reach those people and how you can contribute to their success, also. The more specific a plan you have and the more you put your goals out to others, the more everyone will aspire to help you achieve your dreams. On the other hand, if you don’t know what you want or you don’t tell anyone, no one can help you. They can’t read your mind.
I can’t tell you how many times a friend has called me and said, “Keith, I just became unemployed. I need to start networking; will you teach me how? My answer: “No. No.No. You need to start job-hunting! You should have been building relationships for the past 5 or 10 years, so now that you need a job, you could make 20 calls and have 5 job offers waiting for you in a week.”
When I give talks to college and graduate students, they always ask me, “what are the secrets to success? What are the unspoken rules for making it big? Preferably, they’d like my response wrapped up in tight package and tied with a neat little bow. Why not? I wanted the same thing at their age.
“So you want the inside scoop,” I respond. “Fair enough. I’ll sum up the key to success in one word: Generosity. “The kids are shocked because they think I’m going to give them “networking” advice. And when they think of “networking,” they think of a guy holding a martini with one hand and scattering business cards with the other. He’s hell-bent on doing anything it takes to “get to the top,” including climbing on the backs of others.
The era of that Networking Jerk is over. I learned that the hard way. Once, a mentor of mine said to me, “ Stop driving yourself---and everyone else---crazy thinking bout how to make yourself successful. Start thinking about how you’re going to make everyone around you successful.”
Please, learn from my mistakes and the mistakes of many others. Don’t be a networking jerk. Remember that the NO.1 key to success is generosity. Give your talents, give your contacts and give your hard work to make others successful without ever keeping score.
While I would say that your relationships are the most critical piece of your personal brand, before, you can develop those relationships you’ve got to know something and have something to say. Just having a brain and an MBA won’t get you anywhere. If you want to become more valuable in the marketplace or more intriguing to the world at large, you must develop some deep expertise in your mind and root some higher-order passion in your heart.
Think of the world’s real movers and shakers; they are such because they are about something. Richard Branson—executing the remarkable. The late Princess Diana---helping the unfortunate. They are and were interesting. You can be, too. Strength in Numbers
This rule is obviously one no one can follow 100 percent. It’s just a great way to remember to share your passions---to invite others into the activities you are already enjoy doing. I really love sharing delicious food, good wine and great company. I also bring friends to workouts or to church. You might have similar passions, or you might enjoy doing community service, gardening or watching movies.
If you’ll just remember to share your passions, building and deepening relationships will take no extra time than you already devote to your favorite activities, and people will see you in your best light.
Just as people lose weight more effectively if they have a workout partner, your ongoing efforts to build relationships will be more successful if you team up. You and your buddy can provide each other support, guidance and motivation. And you’ll always be prepared to try one of my favorite tactics—trading networks. Throw a dinner party together, and you’ll each be responsible for only half the guest list, half the cost and half the effort. But you’ll expand your circle of friends to twice the size, and I guarantee it will be twice the fun!
1.What is the true art of networking built on ?
A) the latest computer technology
B) respectful and caring relationships
C) rich professional knowledge
D) many friends from well-to-do families.
2. According to the passage , what is the idea held by Margaret Wheatley?
A) Everything exists in isolation
B) Everything we do can only be achieved by our individuals.
C) Everything we do can be achieved by our individuals
D) Everything can be accomplished without others’ help if you work hard enough
3. How should we treat business relationships more personal? A) We should make our business relationships more personal B) We should pretend to be their friends
C) We should never treat them as trustworthy friends
D) We should treat them differently from our personal friends
4. If you don not mind telling your business friends about your humble experiences, __________
A) they’ll look down upon you
B) they’ll not do business with you
C) they’ll think less of you for a moment
D) they’ll feel more endeared to you than ever before
5. When you plan to build up your network, the first thing is to find out ____in your life.
A) what the easiest thing is
B) what the most important thing is
C) who you care most
D) how to begin it
6. What is the key to success according to the author?
A) Kindness B) Diligence C) Generosity D) Consideration
7. According to a mentor of the author, we should _______when the era of that Networking Jerk is over?
A) start thinking about how we’re going to make everyone around us successful
B) start thinking about how to make our family members successful
C) drive ourselves crazy thinking about how to make ourselves successful
D) drive everyone else crazy thinking about how to make himself successful
8.If you want to improve interpersonal relationship,you should improve your personal brand with deep expertise and ____________________.
9.Inviting others to _____________ is a way to improve relationships because in these activities people will see you at your best.
10.If you want to pay half of the effort and get double of the success,you should_______________.
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes) Section A Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage.
Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates recently told the nation’s governors that America high school education is “obsolete”. He said, “When I compare our high schools to what I see when I’m traveling abroad, I am terrified for our workforce of tomorrow. In 2001, India graduate almost a million more students from college than the Unites States did. China graduates twice as many students with bachelor’s degrees as the US and has six times as many graduates majoring in engineering. America is falling behind.”
Gates was describing a global economy in which the chance to move up into a better economic life is slipping overseas, along with jobs that can be performed anywhere----manufacturing in China, technology support in India, online order fulfillment across borders. The Internet brings Bhutan and Bangalore just as close to our offices and living rooms as Boise. Maybe closer.
Our children’s competitors are not the other schools in the district or the state or even the nation. They are the technologically literate young people in Taiwan, India, Korea, and other developing nations. For today’s American students , learning and retraining will be a lifelong experience.
In The World Is Flat, a recent book analyzing the shift in the global economy, Thomas Friedman points out that the dot. com bubble inspired a massive outlay (花费) of capital to connect the continents. Undersea cable, universal software, high-tech imagery, and Google have erased geography. College graduates in Latin America, Central Asia, India, China, and Russia can do the information work Americans used to count on---in many cases better and in all cases cheaper.
We are burning through reliable careers for our young people at high speed as technology relieves us of the tedium of repetitive work. The robots that vacuum our floors today will be filling out teeth tomorrow. Even jobs at Wal-Mart are endangered. Have you seen the self-check-out lanes? No cashiers required.
To be competitive now, US students must develop sophisticated critical thinking and analytical skills to manage the conceptual nature of work they will do. They will need to be able to recognize patterns, create narrative, and imagine solutions to problems we have yet to discover. They will have to see the big picture and ask the big questions. How many high schools do you know that are nurturing minds like that?
Are we supplying the conditions in our schools to create a new crop of original thinkers? Are we making sure of our curricula and instructional programs are not relegated (降级) for repetitive practice, gathering and organizing information, remediation, and test preparation? Are we requiring all students to use their minds well to construct knowledge , to inquire, to invent, to make meaning and relevance out of their learning? Hardly.
57. Bill Gates believes that the American high schools are obsolete in than schools in many other countries
58. According to the author, the challenge on American schools comes from the progression of
59. By saying that “ Undersea cable, universal software, high-tech imagery, and Google have erased geography.” ( Line3-4, Para. 4), the author means that has enabled many jobs to be done anywhere.
60. In order to compete with overseas students, American children will probably have to strengthen .
61. The last paragraph calls readers’ attention to confronting the current American education system.
Computer science and technology is developing so fast that no one can predict exactly
what new technology might be developed in the near future, and the development of computer law can hardly keep up with the developing computer technology. The wide spread application of computers in business has created new situations that no existing laws are adequate to cope with. In the following cases, computer generated information was used as evidence but was not all accepted by the court.
A man received some treatment at a hospital but refused to pay the hospital bill because he claimed the figures were not correct. The hospital sued the man. As proof of the amount owed to it, the hospital offered in evidence a computer printout of the services rendered to the defendant and the amounts owed for them. Hospital employees testified that information as to amounts owed by patients in the hospital were stored in a computer as part of a regular business routine. The man objected to the admission of the computer printout as evidence on the ground that there was not a proper comparison checking of original slips showing services rendered against the computer printout.
The court decided that the computer printout was admissible as evidence when it was shown that the entries were made with proper equipment in a regular courses of business. The objection that there was not a sufficient checking of the printout did not make the printout inadmissible. It was up to the jury to decide how much weight or importance should be attached to computer printout.
In order to make it possible to admit evidence protected by computer, the law of evidence of the United States has changed greatly. According to the new rule, computer printouts of business records stored on electronic computing equipment are admissible in evidence if relevant to the material, without the necessity of identifying, locating, and producing as witnesses the individuals who made the entries in the regular course of business, if it is shown that the electronic computing equipment is recognized as standard equipment, the entries are made in the regular course of business at or reasonably near the time of the happening of the event recorded, and the foundation testimony satisfies the court the sources of information, method and time of preparation were such as to indicate its trustworthiness and justify its admission.