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2017年12月英语六级阅读23个重点句型

2017-12-07 17:08

来源:新东方网整理

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  ◆1. "Nothing is more…than" 和 "Nothing is so…as"结构,"Nothing is more…than"和"Nothing is so…as"都具有最高级比较的意思,"Nothing"可换用"no","nobody","nowhere","little","few","hardly","scarcely"等等,可译为"没有……比……更为","像……再没有了","最……"等。

  Nothing is more precious than time.

  ◆2.强调句型

  It is not who rules us that is important,but how he rules us.

  ◆3."All+抽象名词"或"抽象名词+itself"(very+形容词)

  He was all gentleness to her.

  ◆4. 利用词汇重复表示强调

  ◆5. "something(much)of"和"nothing(little)of""something of"相当于"to some extent",表示程度。在疑问句或条件从句中,则为"anything of",可译为"有点","略微等。""译为毫无","全无"。"much of"译为"大有","not much of"可译为"算不上","称不上","little of"可译为"几乎无"。something like译为"有点像,略似。"

  They say that he had no university education, but he seems to be something of a scholar.

  ◆6.同格名词修饰是指of前后的两个名词都指同一个人或物,"of"以及它前面的名词构一个形容词短语,以修饰"of"后面的那个名词。如"her old sharper of a father",可译为:"她那骗子般的父亲"。

  Those pigs of girls eat so much.

  ◆7.as…as…can(may)be

  It is as plain as plain can be.

  ◆8."It is in(with)…as in(with)"

  It is in life as in a journey.

  ◆9."as good as…"相等于,就像,几乎如;实际上,其实,实在。

  The merchant as good as promised the orphan boy,that he would adopt him.

  ◆10."many as well…as"和"might as well…as" "many as well…as"可译为"与其……,不如……,更好","以这样做……为宜","如同……,也可以……"等等。"might as well…as"表示不可能的事,可译为"犹如……","可与……一样荒唐","与其那样不如这样的好"等等。

  One may as well not know a thing at all as know it imperfectly.

  ◆11."to make…of"的译法(使……成为……,把……当作)

  I will make a scientist of my son.

  ◆12.too…+不定式",not(never)too…+不定式","too…not+不定式

  She is too angry to speak.

  ◆13.only(not, all, but, never) too…to do so "和"too ready (apt) + to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义,凡是"not","all""but等字后+"too…to,"不定式都失去了否定意义,在"too ready(apt)+to do"结构中,不定式也没有否定意义。

  You know but too yell to hold your tongue.

  ◆14."no more…than…"句型

  A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is a man.

  ◆15. "not so much…as"和"not so much as …"结构,"not so much…as"="not so much as …",其中as有进可换用but rather,可译为:"与其说是……毋须说是……"。而"not so much as"="without(not)even,"可译为"甚至……还没有"。

  The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it .

  ◆16.It作先行主语和先行宾语的一些句型

  She had said what it was necessary to say.

  ◆17."cannot…too…"结构,"cannot…too…"意为"It is impossible to overdo…"或者,即"无论怎样……也不算过分"。"not"可换用"hardly","scarcely"等,"too"可换用"enough","sufficient"等

  You cannot be too careful.

  ◆18."否定+but "结构,在否定词后面的"but",具有"which not","who not","that not",等等否定意义,构成前后的双重否定。可译成"没有……不是"或"……都……"等

  Nothing is so bad but it might have been worse.

  ◆19."否定+until (till)"结构,在否定词"no","not","never","little","few","seldom"等的后边所接用的"until/till",多数情况下译为"直到……才……","要……才……",把否定译为肯定。

  Nobody knows what he can do till he has tried.

  ◆20."not so…but"和"not such a …but"结构,这两个结构和"否定+but"的结构差不多,不同之点是这两个结构中的"but"是含有"that…not"意味的连续词,表示程度。可译为"还没有……到不能做……的程度","并不是……不……","无论怎样……也不是不能……"等。

  He is not so sick but he can come to school.

  ◆21."疑问词+should…but "结构,这个结构表示过去的意外的事,意为"none…but",可译为"除了……还有谁会……","岂料","想不到……竟是……"等。

  Who should write it but himself?

  ◆22. "祈使句+and"和"祈使句+or"结构,"祈使句+and"表示"If…you…","祈使名+or"

  ◆23. "who knows but (that)…"和"who could should…but"结构,这个结构是反问形式,一般意译为"多半","亦未可知"等等,有时也可直译。

  Who knows but (that) he may go?

(编辑:赵宁)

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