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2018年6月英语四级词汇练习及答案(43)

2018-02-11 10:09

来源:新东方整理

作者:

  1.The Minister of Finance stresses that the quality of goods, ____ the quantity of production, is the key to improving the nation’s economy.

  A) other than B) rather than

  C) more than D) better than

  2.If people are not held responsible for their they are drunk,then we____forgive drunken drivers

  A) may well as B) had better

  C) might as well D) would rather

  3.He might have been dead ____ the arrival of the doctors.

  A) but for B) except for

  C) with D) on

  4.These areas rely on agriculture almost ____, having few mineral resources and a minimum of industrial development.

  A) respectively B) undoubtedly

  C) incredibly D) exclusively

  5.It’s strange that Amy ____ her aunt in every way.

  A) takes down B) takes after

  C) takes to D) takes on

  6.With the experience approaching the final success, everyone knows that they can not ____ a single minor mistake and thing.

  A) inflict B) endure

  C) stand D) afford

  7.The boss stressed the criterion that a qualified waiter must do every service ____ the satisfaction of his customers.

  A) for B) by

  C) on D) to

  8.Only after many years of hard work ____ that money alone does not lead to happiness and success.

  A) I did realize B) had I realized

  C) did I realize D) I had realized

  9.When automation is introduced into the factory, all the work done by hand will ____ the assembly line.

  A) take the place of B) replace

  C) be attributed to D) give way to

  10.The travelers were ready to enjoy the spectacular tidal waves when suddenly a thick fog came up and ____ the whole scene.

  A) blurred B) belittled

  C) banned D) collapsed

  答案与解析:

  1.B。

  财政部长强调,促进国民经济的关键不是产量,而是产品的质量。短语辨析题,要求后面考生能辨析...than的差别,并能正确使用。other than 表示“不同于”,“除了”;more than 是“大于”,“多于”,而better than 常指“比……更好”,“胜于”;只有rather than指“不是……(而是……)”,符合本题语境。

  2.C。

  如果人们不必为自己酒后的行为承担责任,那么我们还是原谅那些酒后驾车的司机为好。本题是考察几个与情态动词相关的习惯用语的使用。might/may as well 是比较常用但许多考生并不明确的习惯表达,表示have no better reason not to...(没理由不……还是……为好);没有may well as 这种说法,另外两个短语大多数考生比较熟悉:had better ——最好;would rather——宁可……也不,宁愿。

  3.A。

  要不是大夫赶来,他可能已经死了。本题测试重点是虚拟语气的使用。but for的意思是if not(要是没有,要不是),要求后面跟虚拟语气的谓语。其他三个选项从意思上均说不通。

  4.D。

  这些地区矿产资源贫乏,工业发展滞后,几乎完全依赖农业,本题测试副词的用法。四个选项分别为respectively(分别地,各个地);undoubtedly(毋庸质疑地,的确地);incredibly(难以置信地);exclusively(排外地,专有地)。根据句意只能选D。

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