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新东方四级模考试题答案

2022-01-09 06:22

来源:合肥新东方考研

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  听力原文及答案

  2015年11月大学英语四级考试模拟题

  Part I Writing

  With the fast development ofChina, the Chinese language has become one of the most popular foreignlanguages in the eyes of many international students. Every year an increasingnumber of international students come to China to learn Chinese at differentlanguage institutes. But, still there’re many more who can’t afford to studyChinese in China. Therefore, I want to recommend the website PerfectChinese.comfor my friend and other foreign friends who are keen on learning Chinese.

  The website attracts morethan one million users all over the world. It excels over other websites in thefollowing aspects. In the first place, it provides learners with a variety ofmaterials, such as video, audio and text. In the second place, it builds a bbsfor teachers and students to interact with one another over the difficultlanguage points, which helps those Chinese learners immensely. In the thirdplace, it creates an app for students to chat on their mobile phones in voicemessages, and that really facilitates the practicing of their oral Chinese.

  I hope my friend love thewebsite. Most importantly, I wish one day we could communicate with each otherin Chinese, instead of English as we do for now. I believe he will benefit agreat deal from this website.

  Part II ListeningComprehension

  Section A

  1. W: I’m afraid I’m going to give up playing the violin.My fingers really hurt after I play for a while.

   M: Do as you wish. You can make any decisionsfor yourself now. After all, you’re old enough to do that.

   Q: What does the man imply?

  2. M: Do you know Jack’smobile phone number. I update my phone’s operating system. Ironically, I lostall my contacts in my phonebook.

   W: Oh, no, that’s very unfortunate of you.I’ll send his number by text message right away.

   Q: What does the woman mean?

  3. M: I missed the meetingthis morning. I was caught up in a traffic jam. So, I was late for the meeting.How did the meeting go?

   W: Never mind. The meeting has been delayedto the next week.

   Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  4. W: I’ll go to see thenew film with my dormmates tonight. I’ve been longing for it these days.

   M: I watched it a couple of days ago. Don’texpect too much of it.

   Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?

  5. M: Look, autumn iscoming. It seems we’re done with those hot and humid summer days.

   W: Yes, and with those scaring mosquitoes.And I must point that out as well.

   Q: What does the woman mean?

  6. W: I’m not surprisedthat college students can’t focus in class meetings. I found their mobilephones absorb all their attention.

   M: I wish they could spare their phones for alittle while. They’re students. They’re supposed to make better use of theirtime to learn something.

   Q: What does the man mean?

  7. W: My friends seem tospend all their day posting on the social media websites everything they doduring the day, such as every meal they had and every person they met.

   M: Your friends must have been free, and theydon’t have to work as hard as we do.

   Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  8. W: I think I’ll stayaway from school for a while. Going to school sounds very dangerous to me now.Have you heard of the killing of several students by a gunman in an Americancommunity college?

   M: Yes, I have. It’s all over on theInternet. But, gun control is very strict here in China. Don’t carry it toofar.

   Q: What does the man mean?

  Conversation One

  M: As a college teacher, Ifind it’s very tricky to deal with absent students and their projects. Youknow, I can’t be able to force any student to attend my class every day. Theyhave other duties to tend to.

  W: I’m facing the sameproblem myself. But I met an experienced teacher in this aspect the other day.I’ll share with you what he taught me.

  M: That’s great. I don’t meanto learn some ways to punish students for being absent. I’d rather get updatedon how to make up their work.

  W: I know, that’s what I’mgoing to tell you. The first way to help absent students with their work is toset a “finish-up” day at the end of each term. If any student had been absentfor several days and they want to finish the required work, they can finishthem on the “finish-up” day. And on this day, other students can choose to dosome extra projects, which may bring extra academic points for them.

  M: That’s a brilliant idea.Besides, it’s very easy and practical.

  W: Another method is to usestudents as extra teachers, to be exact, assistant teachers.

  M: What do you mean? Canstudents be assisting the teaching in class?

  W: Yes, they can. If astudent misses the first part of the lesson but is back for the second day, youcan use another student as “an extra teacher for the day”. This student will beresponsible for getting the absent student caught up on the first part of thelesson in time. In this way can the absent student be able to move along withother students in the class.

  M: That’s right. I haven’tthought of that before. How foolish I am!

  W: You see, by using thesemethods, it’ll be much easier for us to deal with the absent students. Nowdon’t worry about that anymore!

  Questions 9to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  9. Whatdoes the man want to do with the absent students?

  10. Howcan setting a “finish-up” day help teachers?

  11. Howdoes the “extra teacher for the day” help absent students?

  ConversationTwo

  W: I saw your ad forrecruiting a sales assistant. I want to apply for that position. Please tell mesomething about it. I want to know more about it.

  M: Ok, no problem. Since asales assistant has the responsibility to handle payment for customer’spurchases, you should be able to show a good ability of dealing with numbers.

  W: I’m good at doing mathproblems. I’m a top student in math in my high school. What else?

  M: You should have basicwriting skills, because you have to write notes or keep records of goods instock.

  W: I’m good at writing. Ithink I’m qualified for that.

  M: Maybe you’re too shy toask, but I want to tell you this. Salaries for junior and trainee salesassistants are 9,000 pounds to 13,000 pounds a year. And apart from that, ourcompany offer our colleagues discounts on our own products, often between 20%and 50%. Finally, there is often increased pay offered for holidays and forovertime.

  W: That sounds appealing. I’mlonging for an opportunity to work with you.

  M: I also want to bring thisup to you. You should always keep a positive attitude towards our customers,and be friendly and helpful to them, no matter how busy you are, and no matterhow difficult they are on some occasions.

  Questions 12to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  12. Why is math important for a salesassistant?

  13. Which is the most appropriate salaryfor a new sales assistant?

  14. Besides salary, what other benefitdoes the company offer to employees?

  15. What’s the man’s advice at the end ofthe conversation?

  Section B

  Passage One

  One ofthe most feared things every college student will hear is, “You will bepresenting in front of the class.” No one likes presenting a project in frontof a group of their peers, but it is an important ceremony of passage for allcollege students. No matter what the area of study, every college student willbe left with the task of public speaking in his or her college. The followingseveral tricks may help them a lot.

  To beginwith, take comfort in the fact that the majority of college students do notlike public speaking, so you are not alone. Realize that most students are asnervous than you are, and that you are all in the same boat.

  Secondly,be sure to prepare for your presentation as much as possible. Practice untilyou are confident you have all your facts memorized. Allowing yourself to feelprepared will ease your nerves, because you will have confidence when speakingabout the topic at hand.

  Besides,practice your presentation in front of friends you are comfortable with. Allowthem to critique your “performance”, as they will offer advice about how youcan improve. That way, you have already spoken in front of critics, and you’llbe all the more prepared to speak in front of your class.

  Lastly,feeling confident about what you are speaking about by familiarizing yourselfwith the material is the best way to calm your nerves when public speaking.Take a deep breath and realize that your presentation will be over before youknow it.

  Questions16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  16.Why do college students have to learn howto do public speaking?

  17. How does full preparation help inpublic speaking?

  18. How does practicing in front offriends help in doing a presentation?

  Passage Two

  Cellphone use and text messaging can become as addictive as any other behavior,such as compulsive shopping, gambling, and overeating, new research shows.

  Investigatorsfrom Baylor University found that there’s an addictive tendency among peopletoward cell phone use and text messaging. One of the investigators, Dr. JamesRoberts said, “We get some kind of reward from the use of our cell phone thatproduces pleasure—a lot of biological chemicals in our brain—that keeps uscoming back. So I think, and the research tells us, that behavioral addictionslike cell phone addiction are just as real as substance addiction.”

  Dr.Roberts noted that whenever people display addictive behavior, it has negativeeffects on quality of life. With cell phone and texting addiction, “it’s anopportunity cost, so we are pushing aside so many more important activities,including family and friends and other pursuits, that might bring us truehappiness,” he said.

  Furthermore,cell phones are becoming “increasingly dangerous,” because they offer more andmore opportunities to interact with them, so their potential for addiction isgreater, Dr. Roberts added.

  Anotherresearcher, Dr. James Lewis, added, “We have a long way to go before we developreliable diagnostic criteria for cell phone addiction and texting to guide usin further research and clinical practice”. On the other hand, Dr. Lewis doesbelieve that the symptoms of those with these new technological addictions“share a lot of similarities with the more classic addictions of alcohol anddrug abuse.”

  Questions 19to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  19. Why can’t people get away from theuse of cell phone?

  20. How does cell phone and textingaddiction affect our life?

  21. Why is cell phone addiction moredangerous than alcohol abuse?

  Passage Three

  Professor M. S. Swamin iswell known as the Father of India’s Green Revolution. His dedicated work onplant genetics and agricultural research produced a high tech invention inwheat crops with exciting results that paved the way for a green revolution inIndia in the mid sixties.

  He created a wheat plant bycross breeding the seeds from Mexico with the local species that yieldedplentiful grains compared to traditional varieties. Thus the imminent faminewas prevented not only in India but throughout Asia.

  He was only 15 years old,when he graduated from high school in 1940. During his school days moraleducation and discipline were stressed. It molded much of his later thinkingand his later activities in his life.

  After finishing hisundergraduate degree in zoology, he joined the Indian Agricultural ResearchInstitute to earn a post-graduate degree. He also earned his PhD from theUniversity of Cambridge. After completing further studies in WisconsinUniversity, he turned down the offer of professorship and decided to return home.He said, “I asked myself, why I studied genetics? It was to produce enough foodin India. So I came back.”

  He was from an agriculturalfamily. As a child, he had observed how his uncles worried about their cropsand the cultivation pattern. Too much rain, too little rain, pests, everythinghad an effect on the crop. He wanted to take the best of science and technologyto the mostly illiterate rural masses that depended on agriculture not only forfood but also for employment and income.

  Questions 22to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  22. Whatkind of crop did Professor Swamin create for the Green Revolution?

  23. Whatwas said of Swamin’s high school?

  24. Whatwas Swamin’s major as an undergraduate in college?

  25. Whatcould be learned about Swamin’s uncles?

  Section C

  In some cultures, pointingwith an index finger, giving the “ok” sign, and other common gestures can beseen as offensive. Since you may not know which gestures could be 26. mistaken in this way, stick to“open handed” gestures. For instance, try using your whole hand if you need to 27. point to something.

  Posture is also important incross-cultural communication. Keep your feet on the floor, sit up 28. straight, don’t use your arms tooexpressively, and otherwise keep your posture more or less 29. conservative. This is becausecertain postures can be seen as offensive to others. For instance, showing yourfoot in some cultures is seen as a rude gesture, so you would not want to crossyour legs in a way that your sole 30. sticksout. If it becomes clear that a less formal posture is acceptable,you can follow suit.

  In addition, you should 31. mind rules regarding touching. Somecultures may expect more physical contact between people when communicatingthan other cultures do. For example, some cultures may shake or touch handsmore 32. willingly thanothers. Don’t take it as offensive if another culture is more or less physicalthan you are used to when communicating. The 33. exception is if you think you are being violated or abused.If you are uncomfortable, let others know. It’s a good rule of 34. thumb to be careful with the wayyou touch people from other cultures when communicating with them. However, ifthey 35. appear to use more physicalcontact, follow suit if you are comfortable doing so.

  答案

  Part II ListeningComprehension

  1.B 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. C 6. D 7. C 8. D9.A 10. A

  11.C 12. C 13. D 14. A 15. D16.B 17. A 18. C 19. C 20. D

  21.C22. A 23. D 24. A 25. B

  26. mistaken 27.point to 28. straight 29. conservative 30. sticks out

  31. mind 32.willingly 33. exception 34. thumb 35. appear

  Part III Reading Comprehension

  Section A

  36. M 37. C 38. J 39. N 40. H

  41.B 42. L 43. D 44. F 45. A

  Section B

  46. G 47. F 48. H 49. B 50. I

  51. M 52.E 53. O 54. D 55. J

  Section C

  Passage One

  56. C 57. D 58. B 59. C 60. D

  Passage two

  61. D 62. C 63. A 64. B 65. A

  Part IV Translation

  In 2004, the “Rural Teachers’ Financing Action Plan”kicked off in the first 29 poor counties in China. With universities’ quickmobilizing, and being chosen by academic merit, 306 college graduates wereenrolled in the “plan of action”. In 2005, 1029 college graduates signedservice agreements with 50 local educational committees; among them, there are195 graduates from key universities. Some of them give up opportunities to workin big cities such as Shanghai, exhibiting good volunteerism in serving thecommunities and repaying the society. They injected fresh blood into thefaculty in rural schools.

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