新东方网>大学教育>四六级>复习辅导>四级>名师辅导>阅读>正文

英语四级阅读模拟题及答案

2017-06-05 15:09

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

临近高考了,为有兴趣报考英语专业的同学们奉献一套大学英语四级阅读模拟题及答案,祝同学们考试顺利!

The world has become a world of cities. With the present rate of urban growth(3. 8% in the Third World) , the majority of the population of the world will be living in cities by the year 2000. This will transform the rural-urban equation which has marked the history of mankind up to now and will call for new example and a great deal of innovation to face this phenomenon.

This being so, one must accept the fact that for some years to come, no policy will be capable of stopping or reversing the present migratory trend from the rural areas to the cities in the Third World. In Africa, the urban population will reach 330 million people by the end of the century as against 150 million in 1995.

The number of people living in shanty-towns (贫富窟) will inevitably increase in spite of the efforts to improve housing conditions. Africa alone needs to build 12 million housing units between now and the year 2000 to meet its most basic needs. In an ILO study, M. S. V. Sethuraman estimates that in 70 Third "World cities the proportion of people living in shanty-towns varies from 15% to 70% and that about US $ 116 billion is required to give minimum comfort to these people by the turn of the century—less than US $ 10 billion per year.

The world population is growing at a rate of about 90 million people per year, with the Third World accounting for 80 million of them. The pressure on cities can only go on increasing. The urban population of the developing countries will exceed 2 billion people by the year 2000 and since the main reason for the high demographic (人口统计的) growth is poverty, the additional population will be mostly made of people of very limited means.

21. If the urban population of the developing countries exceeds 2 billion people by the year 2000, the main problem the additional people will face is______.

A. housing B. food

C. poverty D. limited land

22. According to the passage, "about US $116 billion is required to give minimum comfort to these people by the turn of the century—less than US $ 10 billion per year. " Do you think which year was the article written by saying "less than $ 10 billion per year" by the turn of the century?

A. 1985. B. 1990.

C. 1988. D. 2000.

23. The mankind should face the phenomenon that the world has become a world of cities with______.

A. a lot of difficulties

B. efforts to improve housing condition

C. pressure of the basic needs

D. new models and a great deal of transformation of ideas and methods

24. In Africa, people in cities will be______by the end of the century.

A. almost twice as much as in 1985 B. doubled than that in 1985

C. over twice as much as in 1985 D. 300 million

25. In spite of the efforts to improve housing condition, the number of people living in shanty-towns will increase because______.

A. houses in shanty-towns are cheap

B. shanty-towns could provide people with minimum comfort

C. no policy will be capable of stopping or changing the present immigrant tendency from the rural areas to the cities in the Third World

D. the Third Word population is growing at a rate of about 80 million people per year

答案:21. C 22. C 23. D 24. C 25. C

官方微信:新东方四六级 (微信号:xdfcet46

英语四六级课程、听说读写译方法、最新资讯,请扫二维码,关注我们! 

猜你喜欢

  • 动态
  • 报考
  • 成绩
  • 辅导

          新东方英语四六级辅导专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

          焦点推荐

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

          热搜关键词