新东方网>大学教育>四六级>复习辅导>四级>名师辅导>语法>正文

2017年12月英语四级语法精讲:独立主格结构

2017-10-13 11:35

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  一 、独立结构的构成:

  只有当分词短语的逻辑主语和句子主语不一致时,我们才能用独立结构。独立结构只用做状语,多用于书面语言。常见的独立结构有以下几种:

  (一) 名词/代词+分词(包括现在分词和过去分词):

  1 The boy ran quickly, his father following. (表示伴随情况)

  2 He lay on his back, his hands acrossed under his head. (表示伴随情况)

  (二)名词/代词+形容词:

  1、They started home, their minds full of plans for increasing production. (表示伴随情况)

  2、 He was silent for a moment, his lips tight. (表示伴随情况)

  (三)名词/代词+副词:

  1、 He put on his socks, wrong side out. (表示补充说明)

  2 、The war over, all the Chinese people’s volunteers came back to China. (表示补充说明)

  (四)名词/代词+介词(短语)

  1 、She came in, a baby in her arms. (表示伴随情况)

  2 、He went off, gun in hand. (表示伴随情况)

  二、独立结构在句子中的作用:

  独立结构在句子中只能做状语,这种结构可以用来:

  (一)表示时间:

  His homework done, Jim decided to go and see the play.

  (=After his homework was done, he decided to go and see the play.)

  (二)表示原因:

  The last bus having gone, we had to walk home.

  (=Because the last bus having gone, we had to walk home. )

  (三)表示条件:

  Weather permitting, we’ll go for an outing tomorrow.

  (=If weather permitting, we’ll go for an outing tomorrow.)

  (四)表示伴随情况或伴随状况:

  They walked through the forest, an old hunter leading the way.

  (五)表示补充说明:

  He lived in a wooden house with two rooms, one being a bedroom and the other being an office.

  (=He lived in a wooden house with two rooms, one was a bedroom, the other was an office.)

  三、独立变格的变化

  在带有逻辑主语的分词及其短语前加”with”

  1、——Why are they taking all the equipment away?

  ——The job_____, they are packing up to leave.

  A. it to done B. did C. was did D. done

  2、Other things being equal, a man who expresses himself effectively is sure to succeed more rapidly than the man whose command of language is poor.


官方微信:新东方四六级 (微信号:xdfcet46

英语四六级课程、听说读写译方法、最新资讯,请扫二维码,关注我们! 

猜你喜欢

  • 动态
  • 报考
  • 成绩
  • 辅导

          新东方英语四六级辅导专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

          焦点推荐

          精品直播

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

          热搜关键词