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2017年12月英语四级阅读20篇(13)

2017-10-18 14:42

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  I've been writing for most of my life. The book Writing Without Teachers introduced me to one distinctionand one practice that has helped my writing processes tremendously. The distinction is between the creative mindand the critical mind. While you need to employ both to get to a finished result, they cannot work in parallel nomatter how much we might like to think so.

  Trying to criticize writing on the fly is possibly the single greatest barrier to writing that most of us encounter.If you are listening to that 5th grade English teacher correct your grammar while you are trying to capture afleeting ( 稍纵即逝的) thought, the thought will die. If you capture the fleeting thought and simply share it withthe world in raw form; no one is likely to understand. You must learn to create first and then criticize if you want tomake writing the tool for thinking that it is.

  The practice that can help you past your learned bad habits of trying to edit as you write is what Elbow calls"free writing". In free writing, the objective is to get words down on paper non-stop, usually for 15-20 minutes. Nostopping, no going back, no criticizing. The goal is to get the words flowing. As the words begin to flow, the ideaswill come out from the shadows and let themselves be captured on your notepad or your screen.

  Now you have taw materials that you can begin to work with using the critical mind that you've persuaded tosit on the side and watch quietly. Most likely, you will believe that this will take more time than you actually haveand you will end up staring blankly at the page as the deadline draws near.

  Instead of staring at a blank screen, start filling it with words no matter how bad. Halfway through youravailable time, stop and rework your raw writing into something closer to finished product. Move back and forthuntil you run out of time and the final result will most likely be far better than your current practices.

  56、When the author says the creative mind and the critical mind "cannot work in parallel" (Line 3, Para.1 ) in the writing process, he means ____

  A.no one can be both creative and critical

  B.they cannot be regarded as equally important

  C.they are in constant conflict with each other

  D.one cannot use them at the same time

  57、What prevems people from writing on is ____

  A.putting their ideas in raw form

  B.attempting to edit as they write

  C.ignoring grammatical soundness

  D.trying to capture fleeting thoughts

  58、What is the chief objective of the first stage of writing?

  A.To organize one's thoughts logically.

  B.To choose an appropriate topic.

  C.To get one's ideas down.

  D.To collect raw materials.

  59、One common concern of writers about "free writing" is that ____. .

  A.it overstresses the role of the creative mind

  B.it takes too much time to edit afterwards

  C.it may bring about too much criticism

  D.it does not help them to think clearly

  60、In what way does the critical mind help the writer in the writing process?

  A.It refines his writing into better shape.

  B.It helps him to come up with new ideas.

  C.It saves the writing time available to him.

  D.It allows him to sit on the side and observe.

  答案解析:

  56-60:DBCBA


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