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2018年6月英语四级阅读解析(云南新东方)

2018-06-26 15:36

来源:云南新东方

作者:温丝丹

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  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  Since the 1940s,southern California has had a reputation for smog. Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 .Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾).Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south. Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution. Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 .

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 .And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months. It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution. Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices.

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system. Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars. Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows.

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  C) consequence K) intended

  D) consumers L) outdoor

  E) creating M) pollutants

  F) detail N) restricted

  G) domestic O) sum

  H) frequently

  26.M 从levels of xx可以看到A of B结构,判断26空缺少的词词性为名词,迅速在答案中进行筛选,结合上下文可知此处的levels of xx应该是污染程度,所以选M。

  27.N 根据空格后的介词筛选搭配的动词,be restricted to固定搭配,意为仅限于。

  28.C 空前有不定冠词,所以空格内需要填写名词,结合全句可知居民容易患病,与城市污染程度存在因果关系,所以选择固定搭配as a consequence,表示“因此”。

  29.J 空前是形容词,所以空格需要填写名词;technological innovation 技术创新,符合上下文文意。

  30.F 空前介词,空格需要填写名词,in detail固定搭配,表示详细的,符合上下文。

  31.K 固定搭配 Be intended to,打算、意图做某事。

  32.L 空前介词,空后名词,所以空格内选择形容词,结合上下文选择outdoor,表示户外的。

  33.B 结合时态和空后介词,选择可搭配的动词形式为collaborating。

  34.I 空前是所有格形式,所以空内需要选择名词,结合空前的city‘s选择inhabitants表示“城市居民”。

  35.E 空前介词,空后名词,空内的动词须选择ing形式,选择E。

  Passage 1

  Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people's mental well-being, a study has suggested. UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect, unlike pay rises or promotions, which only provided a short-term boost. Co-author Mathew White, from the European Centre for Environment and Human Health at the University of Exeter, UK, explained that the study showed people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs of depression or anxiety. "There could be a number of reasons,” he said, “for example, people do many things to make themselves happier: they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married. But the trouble with all those things is that within six months to a year, people are back to their original baseline levels of well-being. So, these things are not sustainable; they don’t make us happy in the long term. We found that for some lottery(彩票)winners who had won more than £500,000 the positive effect was definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to the baseline."

  Dr. White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas had a lasting positive effect on people's sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time. To do this, the team used data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by the University of Essex.

  Explaining what the data revealed, he said: "What you see is that even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike many of the other things that we think will make us happy." He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less stressed people made more sensible decisions and communicated better.

  46. According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?C

  A) Improve their work efficiency.

  B) Add to their sustained happiness.

  C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life.

  D) Lessen their concerns about material well-being.

  解析:

  题干大意:根据研究,green space对人有什么影响?可定位到:Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people's mental well-being, a study has suggested.因此选择B。符合首题对应首段的做题原则。

  47. What does Dr. White say people usually do to make themselves happier?A

  A) Earn more money.

  B) Gain fame and popularity.

  C) Settle in an urban area.

  D) Live in a green environment.

  解析:根据题干中的人名进行迅速定位:he said, “for example, people do many things to make themselves happier: they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married.因此选择A。

  48. What does Dr. White try to find out about living in a greener urban area?C

  A) How it affects different people.

  B) How strong its effect is.

  C) How long its positive effect lasts.

  D) How it benefits physically

  解析:根据人名和定位原则,可定位到: Dr. White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas had a lasting positive effect on people's sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time.故选择C选项。

  49. What did Dr. White research reveal about people living in a green environment?D

  A) Their stress was more apparent than real.

  B) Their decisions required less deliberation.

  C) Their memories were greatly strengthened.

  D) Their communication with others improved.

  解析:本题可定位到:He observed that people living in greener spaces were less stressed, and less stressed people made more sensible decisions and communicated better.所以选择D选项。

  50. According to Dr. White, what should the government do to build more green spaces in cities?A

  A) Find financial support.

  B) Improve urban planning.

  C) Involve local residents in the effort.

  D) Raise public awareness of the issue.

  答案:A

  Passage 2

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one of three state-of-the art(最先进的) ocean ships back in the day. The Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company. The Olympic class included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic. What you may not know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class.All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates.

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in 1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914. The ships had nine decks, and White Star Line decided to focus on making them the most luxurious ships on the water.

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ships were wonders of naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be so for quite some time. However, all suffered terrible accidents on the open seas. The Olympic got wreaked before the Titanic did, but it was the only one to survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years. The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg in 1912. Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in 1916 and subsequently sank as well.

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept running by exhausted crews below deck. Most recognizable of the ship designs are the ship’s smoke stacks, but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose. While two of these ships sank, they were all designed with doucle hulls(船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic’s and the Britannic’s tragic end.

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World War I.

  51. What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships? C

  A) They performed marvelously on the sea.

  B) They could all break the ice in their way.

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes.

  D) They were models of modern engineering.

  解析:题干关键词three Olympic class ships可定位到第一段的最后一句,句子中有but,所以句子的重点出现在but后部,文意:这三艘船似乎都受到诅咒,遭遇了重大事故;所以选择C。

  52. What did White Star Line have in mind when it purchased the three ships?B

  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters.

  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy.

  C) Their ability to survive disasters of any kind.

  D) The long voyages they were able to undertake.

  解析:定位句:White Star Line decided to focus on making them the most luxurious ships on the water.依据此句可选择B。

  53. What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?A

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration.

  B) It was the work of a famous artist.

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke.

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar.

  解析:根据题干信息the fourth stack of the ships,可以定位到句子:but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose.因此选择A。

  54. What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the Britannic?A

  A) Their unscientific designs.

  B) Their captains' misjudgment.

  C) The assumption that they were built with the latest technology.

  D) The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body.

  解析:题干大意为导致Titanic和Britannic悲剧的原因,可定位到原文:hey were all designed with doucle hulls(船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic’s and the Britannic’s tragic end.可选择A。

  55. What happened to the ship Olympic in the end?D

  A) She was used to carry troops.

  B) She was sunk in World WarⅠ.

  C) She was converted into a hospital ship.

  D) She was retired after her naval service.

  解析:题目问的是奥林匹克号最后发生了什么?可以定位到原文:Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935, ending the era of the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners.所以选择D。

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