新东方网>大学教育>四六级>四六级资讯>正文

2018年下半年英语四级真题解析(呼和浩特新东方)

2018-12-22 15:16

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

四级考试真题解析>>观看直播
写作真题及答案解析 翻译真题及答案解析
听力真题及答案解析 阅读真题及答案解析

  以下内容是2018年下半年英语四级真题解析(呼和浩特新东方)供各位考生参考!新东方网四六级频道第一时间更新公布英语四六级真题答案同时广大考生还可随时@新东方网四六级微博及新东方网四六级微信xdfcet46,与线上老师以及考生随时互动答疑,敬请广大考生密切关注2018年12月英语四六级真题解析专题。 

  想知道新东方老师如何点评12月考试→_→猛戳


  听力

  新闻部分

  News Report One

  主旨内容:

  科学家计划建立史上第一个月球上的通讯信号, 来支持月球和地球间的高清视频与数据传输。

  参考原文:

  A device that weighs less than 1 kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019. If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network. The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and the earth. The network is part of a mission to the moon. This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon. The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon Nine Rocket in 2019. Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon. The scientists working on the project opted to build 4G rather than the fifth generation or 5G work. This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases. This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon’s surface.

  1. What are scientists planning to do?

  Set up a mobile phone network on the moon。

  2. Why did scientists choose to set up 4G network in their mission?

  It is stable。

  大意:科学家们想要在月球上安装一个4g手机通讯设备,以便在月球上提供手机信号来建立并测试月球通讯网络的第一要素。

  解析:与去年新闻第一题相似,仍然考查科技类主题。第一题文科学家打算做什么为主旨题,在文章第一句开头给出答案。第二题为细节题问原因,文章最后一句because后引出答案。整体难度适中。

  News Report Two

  主旨内容:

  圣玛丽亚教堂旁发生了火灾, 但没有发生伤亡。该购物中心自2002年以来一直没有投入使用。2014年,市政厅计划拆除建筑物,将其替换为经济适用房。但由于缺乏资金,该计划被取消。

  参考原文:

  Firefighters responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood. The fire was reported at 9:26 p.m. at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St. Mary’s Church. Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene. Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin. There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries. Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire. Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn’t start up again. The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002. In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing. However, the plan was dropped due to lack of funds.

  3. What does the news item say about the fire?

  No injuries were yet reported

  4. What had City Hall planned to do?

  Pull down the deserted shopping mall

  大意:消防员接到一栋废弃商场的火警警情并及时扑灭了大火。该废弃商场原本由市政厅计划改造为经济适用房,然而由于资金问题而搁置。

  解析:本文第一题为主旨题,答案出现在第一句。第二题为细节题,问市政厅原打算做什么,新闻倒数第二句出现市政厅及计划的原词,并且有提示及停顿。题目位置固定且有明显提示,难度不大。

  News Report Three

  主旨内容:

  去年风暴和洪水造成严重的收成问题,使薯片价格是正常价格的6倍。且由于疾病,日本法律限制了马铃薯进口,只许进口美国特定州的马铃薯。

  参考原文:

  Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6 times their normal price. This is after the country’s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage. Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades. Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products. “We don’t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said. Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare. Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products. Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports. It still only allows potatoes from selected US states. This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports. But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often.

  5.What problem is Japan facing?

  Insufficient potato supply

  6. Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes?

  It is afraid of the spread of disease

  7. What might affect Japanese domestic produce?

  Global warming

  大意:日本的薯片价格由于土豆产量下降上涨了6倍,且因对疾病的恐惧禁止进口除美国个别州外的其他地方的土豆。

  解析:本文第一题仍未主旨题,出现在文章第一句。第二三题属于细节题,中间有明显停顿语气上升以及最后一题前有明显提示词“but”,因此本题难度较小。

  新闻总体题目类型与出题位置固定,且有明显提示词,难度不大。

  长对话

  Conversation One:

  主旨内容:

  两位学生在讨论课上如何集中注意力。女生提出手记笔记,才能记住内容,并且可以通过划线来集中注意力;在家学习时要大声朗读辅助记忆。

  参考原文:

  M: Mr. Brown’s lectures are so boring.

  W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker. But the subject is interesting.

  M: During every one of his lectures, I try to listen. I really try. But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration. But I see that you seem to be OK. How do you stay focused through the entire hour?

  W: Well, what I do is keep my pen moving.

  M: What do you mean?

  W: It’s a method of active concentration I read about. One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down. But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard. You see writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way.

  M: Do you review your notes afterwards then?

  W: Sometimes, but that’s not important. My notes may or may not be useful but the point is that by writing down what Mr. Brand says I can follow his line of thinking more easily. In fact, sometimes I draw a little too.

  M: You draw in class and that helps me pay attention?

  W: Yes, honestly it works for me. I just draw little lines and nonsense really. It was also in that article I read. It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate. Again the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving. If I’m at home and I need to study what I do is read out loud. It has a similar effect to writing by hand. It helps memorize information in a physical way.

  8. What does the man think of Mr. Brown’s lectures?

  Dull

  9. What does the woman do during Mr. Brown’s lectures?

  She takes notes

  10. Why does the woman draw in class?

  It keeps her mind active

  11. What does the woman say about reading out loud?

  It helps her better remember what she learns

  解析:首题较简单,首轮问答当中的第一句出答案。第二题位于第二轮问答的女士所说内容,语气词后答语出答案。后两题位于最后一轮问答当中,两道题的答案虽然都位于女士所说的内容当中,但是女士所说的这一段内容非常长,且为答语。但两题位置稍进,要求快速反应题目转移。

  Conversation Two

  主旨内容:

  两个人讨论印度去旅游,提到了泰姬陵的,交通情况和饮食。

  参考原文:

  M: And where is this?

  W: These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India. We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon.

  M: Was it romantic.

  W: Yeah. The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place. The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school. I think it was during the 1600 and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child. The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor.

  M: Wow. That sounds very romantic. It looks amazing.

  W: Yes, it’s gorgeous. It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos. The building is very tall and there are gardens in a wall around it all. It’s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels.

  M: It must have been very crowded when you were there.

  W: Yes, it’s a very famous tourist destination. So there are thousands of visitors every day.

  M: Was the rest of India crowded?

  W: Yes, very crowded in many cities. It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets especially through busy markets. And there are so many cars. Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly. The culture is amazing and we had a great time.

  M: What about the food?

  W: The Indian food is great. There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food.

  12. For what purpose did the woman go to India?

  To spend her honeymoon

  13. Why was the Taj Mahal built?

  In memory of a princess

  14. What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal?

  It has walls decorated with jewels

  15. what is the woman‘s impression of Indian cities?

  They are mostly crowded

  解析:首题位于首轮问答,答语出答案。第二题位于第二轮问答,整个故事有些长,稍有难度。后两题位于后两段问答当中,本篇基本形式是男士提问女士回答,所以所有答案都位于女士答语当中,难度适中。

  篇章

  Passage One

  主旨内容:

  一个研究中心调查了1000个美国人, 有关公共图书馆,调查显示,美国人对当地开设公共图书馆表示支持。

  参考原文:

  A Pew Research Center survey of more than 1000 Americans conducted in April 2016 finds thatAmericans continue to express largely positive views about the current state of their local public libraries. For instance, around three quarters say that public libraries provide them with the resources they need and 66% say the closing of their local public library would have a major impact on their community. Although notably just 33% say this would have a major impact on them personally or on their family. A majority of Americans feel libraries are doing a good job of providing a safe place for people to hang out or spend time as well as opening up educational opportunities for people of all ages and roughly half think their libraries contribute a lot to their communities in terms of helping spark creativity among young people, and providing a trusted place for people to learn about new technologies. As in past Pew Research Center surveys of library use the April 2016 survey also measured Americans usage of and engagement with libraries. Overall, 53% of Americans ages 16 and older have had some interaction with the puppet library in the past year either through an in person visit or using a library website some 48% of adults specifically visited a library in the past 12 months. A modest increase from the 44% who said that in late 2015.

  16. What do most Americans say about local public libraries?

  They provide residents with the resources they need

  17. How can local public libraries benefit young people?

  By inspiring their creativity

  18. What does the 2016 survey show about adult library users?

  Their number increased modestly

  解析:本篇文章数字较多,全篇有大量数字以及比例分别对应了不同题目。因此此题作答时应一定要快速做完笔记再来听问题进行匹配,并且快速转移到下一题目,整体难度较大。

  Passage Two

  主旨内容:

  有一种新品种的猫, 由中型野生非洲猫和家养猫杂交,2001年, 国际猫协会承认了这种猫,且允许人们饲养。现在,这种猫已经成为饲养猫中最多猫品种之一。

  参考原文:

  A Savannah cat is a crossbreed between a domestic cat and a medium-sized wild African cat called the Serval. The unusual cross became popular among breeders at the end of the 1990s. And in 2001, the International Cat Association accepted it as a new registered breed. The savannahs are tall and slim and can weigh up to nine point one kilograms, making them one of the largest breeds of cats that people can own. They have a spotted code similar to that of many types of wild cats and their ears are very large. They are also commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty and can be trained to walk on a lead and to fetch, and often noted characteristic of the Savannah is its jumping ability. They are known to jump on top of doors and high cabinets. Some can leap about2.5 meters high from a standing position. Cats are typically known for being very inquisitive and so are the Savannahs. They often learn how to open doors and cupboards. Many Savannah cats do not fear water and will play with or even dive into water.Some owners even shower with their Savannah Cats, presenting a water bowl to Savannah may also prove a challenge, as some will promptly begin to bat all the water out of the bowl until it is empty using their front paws.

  19. What do we learn about the savannah cat?

  It is an unusual cross breed

  20. What is characteristic of Savannah cats?

  They are as loyal as dogs

  21. What do some people do with their Savannah cats?

  They shower with them

  解析:首题答案位于首句,答案位置较为明显。第二题答案前原文中有明显长时间停顿。最后一题答案位于最后一句,答案位置比较容易定位。本篇难度较小,找到关键词对应即可。

  Passage Three

  主旨内容:

  孩子的教育。孩子们第一次上学时,家长可能会兴奋,可能悲伤,感情复杂。孩子出生时,家长对孩子的教育和孩子模仿家长就已开始。

  参考原文:

  When children start school for the very first time parents often feel a sense of excitement coupled with a touch of sadness at the end of an era. This is the start of a new adventure for children playing and interacting with new friends sharing, taking turns and settling into a new routine. But of course, this is not the start of your child’s education which in fact began at birth. Back then, you would have been your child’s most influential teachers. During this time at home, your child would have learnt more than at any other period in their life. During your child’s first year in school much time will be spent in learning to read and they need to know that this is fun and worthwhile. Your child will naturally copy you so it is important that you are seen reading and enjoying books newspapers and magazines rather than just absorbed in screens. Ultimately an excellent education should be a close partnership between parents and teachers. A child’s year splits fairly neatly into thirds: a third at school, a third asleep and a third awake at home or on holiday. Irrespective of the quality of a school a child’s home life is of key importance. It is the determining factor of their academic success. Your child may have started on a new journey but your work is far from finished.

  22. How do parents feel when their children start going to school?

  Excite but somewhat sad

  23. What does the passage say about children’s education?

  It depends on their parents to success

  24. What should parents do for the success of their children’s education?

  Set a good example for them to follow

  25. What does the passage say is the key factor of children’s academic success?

  Their home life

  解析:本位第一题位于文章第一句直接出答案。第二题答案前有明显提示词“but”,第三题与最后一题前有副词以及明显语气转变,找到关键词对应即可。整篇文章题目分布较均匀,难度中等。

官方微信:新东方四六级 (微信号:xdfcet46

英语四六级课程、听说读写译方法、最新资讯,请扫二维码,关注我们! 

四六级真题及答案解析下载

手机号

猜你喜欢

  • 动态
  • 报考
  • 成绩
  • 辅导

          新东方英语四六级辅导专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

          焦点推荐

          精品直播

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

          热搜关键词