新东方网>大学教育>四六级>真题解析>四级解析>正文

2019年6月英语四级考试阅读答案解析:How Work Will Change(广州新东方)

2019-07-26 15:38

来源:广州新东方

作者:

四级考试真题解析>>观看直播
写作真题及答案解析 翻译真题及答案解析
听力真题及答案解析 阅读真题及答案解析

  以下内容是阅读真题解析供各位考生参考!新东方网四六级频道第一时间更新公布英语四六级真题答案同时广大考生还可随时@新东方网四六级微博及新东方网四六级微信xdfcet46,与线上老师以及考生随时互动答疑,敬请广大考生密切关注2019年6月英语四六级真题解析专题。 

  想知道新东方老师如何点评6月考试→_→猛戳

  How Work Will Change When Most of Us Live to 100

  答案:IGDNA KHFMC

  A) Today in the United States there are 72,000 centenarians. Worldwide, probably 450,000. If current trends continue, then by 2050 there will be more than a million in the US alone. According to the work of demographer Professor James Vaupel and his co-researchers, 50% of babies born in the US in 2007 have a life expectancy of 104 or more. Broadly the same holds for the UK, Germany, France, Italy and Canada and for Japan 50% of 2007 babies can expect to live to a staggering 107.

  匹配40. Many more people will be expected to live over 100 by the mid-21stcentury.划题干时关注数字!

  B) Understandably, there are concerns about what this means for public finances given the associated health and pension challenges. These challenges are real, and society urgently needs to address them. But it is also important to look at the wider picture of what happens when so many people live for 100 years. It is a mistake to simply equate longevity with issues of old age. Longer lives have implications for all of life, not just the end of it.

  C) Our view is that if many people are living for longer, and are healthier for longer, then this will result in an inevitable redesign of work and life. When people live longer, the arc of their life stretches — they are not only older for longer, but also younger for longer. There is some truth in the cliché that “70 is the new 60” or “40 the new 30.” If you age more slowly over a longer time period, then you are in some sense younger for longer.

  匹配45. People living a longer and healthier life will have to rearrange their work and life.关注段落首句,是常考的出题点。

  D) But the changes go further than that. Take, for instance, the age at which people make commitments such as buying a house, getting married, having children, or starting a career. These are all fundamental commitments that are now occurring later in life. In 1962, 50% of Americans were married by age 21. By 2014, that milestone had shifted to age 29.

  匹配38. Nowadays, many Americans have on average delayed their marriage by some eight years.划题干时关注数字!

  E) While there are numerous factors behind these shifts, one factor is surely a growing realization for the young that they are going to live longer. Options are move valuable the longer they can be held. So if you believe you will live longer, then options become more valuable, and early commitment becomes less attractive. The result is that the commitments that previously characterized the advent of adulthood are now being delayed, and new patterns of behavior and a new stage of life is emerging for those in their twenties.

  F) Longevity also pushes back the age of retirement, and not only for financial reasons. Yes,unless people are prepared to save a lot more, our calculations suggest that if you are now inyour mid-40s, then you are likely to work until your early 70s and if you are in your early 70s, there is a real chance you will need to work until your late 70s or possibly even into your 80s. But even if people are able to economically support a retirement at 65, over thirty years of potential inactivity is harmful to cognitive (认知的) and emotional vitality. Many people may simply not want to do it.

  匹配43. Many people may not want to retire early because it would do harm to their mental and emotional well-being.看段落要关注转折词!

  G) And yet that does nor mean that simply extending our careers is appealing. Just lengthening that second stage of full-time work may secure the financial assets needed for a 100-year life, but such persistent work will inevitably exhaust precious intangible assets such as productive skills, vitality, happiness, and friendship.

  匹配:37. Just extending one’s career may have both positive and negative effects.

  H) The same is true for education. It is impossible that a single shot of education administered in childhood and early adulthood, will be able to support a sustained, 60-year career. If you factor in the projected rates of technological change, either your skill will become unnecessary, or your industry outdated.That means that everyone will, at some point in theirlife, have to make a number of major reinvestment in their skills.

  匹配:42. Fast technological change makes it necessary for one to constantly upgrade their skills.

  I) It seems likely then, that the traditional three-stage life evolve into multiple stages containing two, thee, or even more different careers. Each of these stages could potentially be different . In one the focus could be on building financial success and personal achievement. In another on creating a better work/life balance, still another on exploring and understanding options more fully, or becoming an independent producer, yet another on making a social contribution. These stages will span sectors, take people to different cities, and provide a foundation for building a wide variety of skills.

  匹配:36. An extended lifespan in the future will allow people to have more careers than now.

  看段落时要关注首句。

  J) Transitions between stages could be marked with sabbaticals(休假) as people find time to rest and recharge their health, re-invest in their relationships, or improve their kill. At times, these breaks and transitions will be self-determined, at others they will be forced as existing roles, firms, or industries cease to exist.

  K) A multi-stage life will have profound changes not just in how you manage your career, but also in your approach to life. An increasingly important skill will be your ability to deal with change and even welcome it. A three-stage life has few transitions, while a multi-stage life has many. That is why being self-aware, investing in broader networks of friends, and being open to new ideas will become even more crucial skills.

  匹配:41. …. Manages in people’s approach to life.

  看段落时要关注首句。

  L) These multi-stage lives will create extraordinary variety across groups of people simply because there are so many ways of sequencing the stages. More stages mean more possible sequences.

  M) With this variety will come the end of the close association of age and stage. In a three-stage life, people leave university at the same time, they tend to start their careers and family at the same age, they proceed through middle management all roughly the same time, and then move into retirement within a few years of each other. In a multi-stage life, you could be an undergraduate at 20, 40, or 60; a manager at 30, 50 or 70; and become an independent producer at any age.

  匹配44. the close link between age and stage may cease to exist in a multi-stage life.

  看段落时要关注首句。

  N) Current life structures, career paths, educational choices, and social norms are out of tune with the emerging reality of longer lifespans. The three-stage life of full-time education, followed by continuous work, and then complete retirement may have worked for our parents or even grandparents, but it is not relevant today. We believe that to focus on longevity as primarily an issue of aging is to miss its full implications. Longevity is not necessarily about being older for longer. It is about living longer, being older later, and being younger longer.

  匹配39. Because of their longer lifespan, young people today no longer follow the pattern of life of their parents or grandparents.

  36. An extended lifespan in the future will allow people to have more careers than now.

  37. Just extending one’s career may have both positive and negative effects.

  38. Nowadays, many Americans have on average delayed their marriage by some eight years.

  39. Because of their longer lifespan, young people today no longer follow the pattern of life of their parents or grandparents.

  40. Many more people will be expected to live over 100 by the mid-21stcentury.

  41. …. Manages in people’s approach to life.

  42. Fast technological change makes it necessary for one to constantly upgrade their skills.

  43. many people may not want to retire early because it would do harm to their mental and emotional well-being.

  44. the close link between age and stage may cease to exist in a multi-stage life.

  45. People living a longer and healthier life will have to rearrange their work and life.

  考后关注

  新东方四六级估分系统,逼真还原6月试题,精准估分提早了解过没过线!具体估分规则,敬请关注新东方网四六级真题解析专题

2019年6月四级真题答案解析
作文 2019年6月四级作文真题答案解析
听力 2019年6月四级听力试题答案解析
翻译 2019年6月四级翻译真题答案解析
阅读 2019年6月四级阅读真题答案解析
编辑推荐》》新东方教师解析大学英语四级真题

官方微信:新东方四六级 (微信号:xdfcet46

英语四六级课程、听说读写译方法、最新资讯,请扫二维码,关注我们! 

四六级真题及答案解析下载

手机号

猜你喜欢

  • 动态
  • 报考
  • 成绩
  • 辅导

          新东方英语四六级辅导专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

          焦点推荐

          精品直播

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

          热搜关键词