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六级核心词汇分类速记:word list 1近义词

2019-08-15 09:51

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  六级核心词汇分类速记:word list 1近义词

  近义词:异常的,不寻常的:abnormal, exceptional, extraordinary, singular

  abnormal* [æbˈnɔːml]adj. 反常的,异常的

  释:different from what is usual or expected, especially in a way that is worrying, harmful or not wanted

  记:词根记忆:ab(相反)+normal(正常)→反常的

  例:Helpers provide reassurance to clients that what they are experiencing is not abnormal or atypical, but is a normal reaction shared by others when facing such circumstances. (2012.12) 辅导师安慰客户,让他们相信自己正在经历的事情并不是反常的或非典型的,而是在面对这些情况时其他人也会有的一种正常反应。

  exceptional [ɪkˈsepʃənl]adj. 优越的,杰出的;例外的,独特的;异常的

  释:unusually good; very unusual

  记:来自except(vt. 把…除外)

  extraordinary [ɪkˈstrɔːdnri]adj. 非同寻常的,特别的

  释:unexpected, surprising or strange

  记:来自extra(之外的)+ordinary(平常的)→平常之外的→非同寻常的

  singular [ˈsɪŋɡjələ(r)]adj. 非凡的;奇特的;单数的 n. 单数

  释:unusual; strange

  派:singularity(n. 奇异;奇怪)


  近义词:使适应:adapt, accommodate, orient

  adapt [əˈdæpt]vt. 使适应;改编 vi. 适应

  释:to change something in order to make it suitable for a new use or situation

  记:词根记忆:ad(加强)+apt(适应)→使适应

  例:Modern urban life in rich countries is not well adapted to large families. (2010.12) 富裕国家的现代城市生活并不太适合多子女家庭。

  考:adapt to...适应…

  派:adaption(n. 适应;改编);adaptive(adj. 适应的;适合的)

  accommodate [əˈkɒmədeɪt]vt. 容纳;向…提供住处(或膳宿);使适应 vi. 顺应

  释:to change your behaviour so that you can deal with a new situation better

  记:联想记忆:ac+commo(看作common 普通的)+date(日子)→人们适应了过普通的日子→使适应

  派:accommodation(n. 住处;和解)

  orient [ˈɔːrient] vt. 使适应,使熟悉情况(或环境等);使朝向,以…为方向(目 标)

  [ˈɔːriənt] n. [the O-]东方国家

  释:to make or adapt somebody/something for a particular purpose

  记:词根记忆:ori(升起)+ent→(太阳)升起的地方→东方

  考:be oriented to/toward... 以…为方向(目标)

  派:oriental(adj. 东方人的;东方的)


  近义词:证实,证明:affirm, certify, confirm, testify, verify

  affirm* [əˈfɜːm]vt. 断言,坚持声称;证实,确认

  释:to state firmly or publicly that something is true or that you support something strongly

  记:词根记忆:af(加强)+firm(坚定)→十分坚定→断言,坚持声称

  派:affirmative(adj. 肯定的,正面的);affirmation(n. 主张;断言)

  certify* [ˈsɜːtɪfaɪ]vt. 证明,证实;发证书(或执照)给

  释:to state officially, especially in writing, that something is true

  记:词根记忆:cert(搞清)+ify(使…)→使…清楚→证明

  confirm [kənˈfɜːm]vt. 证实,肯定;确认(安排或预约);批准

  释:to state or show that something is definitely true or correct, especially by providing evidence

  记:词根记忆:con(加强)+firm(坚定)→非常坚定→证实;确认

  例:Well, if you could just initial that box there for the CDW, and that box there to confirm you have known driving convictions. (2014.6) 您只需要在汽车碰撞险这一栏里签上您名字的首字母,同时在那一栏里也签上您名字的首字母,以证明您已了解驾驶要求。

  派:confirmation(n. 证实;确认)

  testify* [ˈtestɪfaɪ]v. 作证,证明;表明,说明

  释:to make a statement that something happened or that something is true, especially as a witness in court

  记:词根记忆:test(证据)+ify(使…)→用证据来证明→作证,证明

  考:testify to 证明;表明

  verify [ˈverɪfaɪ]vt. 证实,证明;查证

  释:to show or say that something is true or accurate

  记:词根记忆:ver(真实的)+ify(使…)→使…真实→证明,证实

  派:verification(n. 查证;核实)


  近义词:恶化:aggravate, deteriorate, worsen

  aggravate* [ˈæɡrəveɪt]vt. 加重,加剧,使恶化;激怒,使恼火

  释:to make an illness or a bad or unpleasant situation worse

  记:词根记忆:ag(加强)+grav(重)+ate(使…)→使…重→加重,使恶化

  例:But with wages still relatively flat and the economy increasingly divided between the well-off and the long-term unemployed, more people worry about the opposite, deflation that would aggravate the economy’s problems. (2015.6) 但是,在工资水平仍然相对平稳以及富有者与长期失业者的经济分化不断加剧的形势下,更多人担心的则是相反的情况,即通货紧缩将会使经济问题恶化。

  派:aggravation(n. 加剧;恶化)

  deteriorate [dɪˈtɪəriəreɪt]vi. 恶化,变坏

  释:to become worse

  记:词根记忆:deterior(更坏)+ate(使…)→恶化,变坏

  派:deterioration(n. 恶化;堕落)

  worsen [ˈwɜːsn]v. (使)变得更坏,恶化

  释:to become or make something worse than it was before


  近义词:津贴:allowance, subsidy, bonus

  allowance [əˈlaʊəns]n. 津贴,补贴;零用钱;限额,定量

  释:an amount of money that is given to somebody regularly or for a particular purpose

  记:联想记忆:allow(允许)+ance→允许自由支配的钱→零用钱

  例:“The fact that there is an iced coffee on the market with over a quarter of a woman’s daily calories allowance is alarming,” Dr Rachel Thompson, science programme manager at London-based WCRF, said in a widely-reported statement. (2010.12) 位于伦敦的世界癌症研究基金会的科学项目经理蕾切尔•汤普森博士在一份广泛报道的声明中说:“市场上有一种冰咖啡所含的热量超过了女性每天摄入热量限额的四分之一,这个事实很令人惊慌。”

  subsidy* [ˈsʌbsədi]n. 津贴,补助金

  释:money that is paid by a government or an organization to reduce the costs of services or of producing goods so that their prices can be kept low

  记:词根记忆:sub(下面)+sid(坐)+y→坐在下面领补助金→补助金

  派:subsidize(vt. 资助)

  bonus [ˈbəʊnəs]n. 津贴;奖金;红利;额外给予的东西

  释:an extra amount of money that is added to a payment, especially to somebody’s wages or salary as a reward

  记:联想记忆:bon(好的)+us(我们)→给我们发奖金真好→奖金;红利

  考:stock bonus股份红利

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