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新东方网>大学教育>四六级>复习辅导>六级>六级辅导>翻译>正文

2020年12月英语六级翻译预测:唐诗宋词元曲

2020-12-12 13:16

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  元曲(Yuan opera)是中国一种别具一格的文学形式和戏剧形式。它首先流行于民间,内容充满了生活气息。元曲有固定的格式,但相比于唐诗宋词(Tang and Song poetry),有较大的灵活性。历史上涌现了一批杰出元曲剧作家(playwright),其中以关汉卿最负盛名。元曲和唐诗宋词一样,是中国古典文学的重要组成部分。元曲的兴起对于中国民族诗歌的发展和文化的繁荣有着深远的影响。

  参考译文:

  Yuan opera is a characteristic form of literature and drama in China. It first became popular among common people as its content was full of the flavor of life.Yuan opera has its own fixed form but is quite more flexible compared with Tang and Song poetry.There appeared in history a number of outstanding playwrights of Yuan opera,among whom Guan Hanqing was the most famous,like Tang and Song poetry,Yuan opera is an important part of Chinese classical literature.The rising of Yuan opera has great influences on the development of national poetiy and the prosperity of culture in China.

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  唐诗(Tang poetry)是中国珍贵的文化遗产,在中国文学和诗歌中占据重要地位。唐朝是中国诗歌的黄金时代,《全唐诗》(Complete Tang Poems)收录了2200多位诗人所作的近5万首唐诗。唐代的诗人特别多,李白、杜甫、白居易是世界闻名的伟大诗人。唐诗的题材非常广泛,从自然现象、政治动态(dynamics)到社会风俗、个人感受,几乎包括生活的方方面面。《唐诗三百首》(300 Tang Poems)是后人编选的最受欢迎的唐诗集,在现代社会流传广泛,很多诗歌被中国的中小学语文教科书所采用。

  参考翻译:

  The Tang poetry, a precious cultural heritage of China, occupied a significant place in the field of Chinese literature and Chinese poetry. Tang Dynasty was the golden age of Chinese poetry. The Complete Tang Poems collected almost 50,000 Tang poems written by over 2,200 poets. There were a large number of poets in Tang Dynasty, among whom Li Bai, Du Fu and Bai Juyi were the greatest poets renowned in the world. The subjects of Tang poetry were rather extensive, ranging from natural phenomena and political dynamics to social customs and personal feelings, embracing almost every aspect of people's lives. The 300 Tang Poems was a collection of the most popular Tang poems compiled by the later generations. In modern society, it is so widespread that many of the poems have been adopted in the Chinese language textbooks of primary schools and secondary schools.

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  宋词(Song Ci)是古代诗歌的一种,可以配乐歌唱,又称曲子词。因为宋词句子长短不一,所以又称“长短句(Changduanju)”。词有各种曲调,因此演唱方式多种多样。词在宋朝达到鼎盛时期。和唐诗一样,宋词在中国文学史上占有重要地位。在词的发展过程中,涌现出很多杰出的词人,如苏轼、李清照、辛弃疾、陆游等。如今宋词仍然很受欢迎。《宋词三百首》(Three Hundred Song Ci Poems)一书非常流行,很多著名的词作都被重新谱曲演唱。

  参考翻译

  Song Ci is one form of ancient poetry and can be sung to music,thus it's also called musical Ci poetry.Since the length of the lines in a Ci poem can vary, it is also called Changduanju (lines of irregular lengths).Due to various tunes used for them, Ci poems can be sung in different ways.Ci poetry reached its peak during the Song Dynasty.Like Tang poetry, Song Ci poetry plays an important role in the history of Chinese literature as well.In the process of its development,a lot of prominent Ci composers appeared such as Su Shi,Li Qingzhao,Xin Qiji and Lu You,etc.Song Ci remains popular even today.The book Three Hundred Song Ci Poems is very popular,and a good numbers of famous Ci poems have been set to new tunes for singing.


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