-->

新东方网>大学教育>四六级>真题解析>四级解析>正文

2020年12月四级试卷仔细阅读第一篇解析(郑州新东方)

2020-12-14 16:14

来源:四六级真题解析专题

作者:张超

四级考试真题解析>>观看直播
写作真题及答案解析 翻译真题及答案解析
听力真题及答案解析 阅读真题及答案解析

  以下内容是2020年12月四级试卷仔细阅读第一篇解析(郑州新东方)供各位考生参考!新东方网四六级频道第一时间更新公布英语四六级真题答案。同时广大考生还可随时@新东方网四六级微博及公众号,与线上老师以及考生随时互动答疑,敬请广大考生密切关注新东方网四六级频道以及2020年12月英语四六级真题解析专题

  四级成绩算分、六级成绩算分功能→_→猛戳

  想知道新东方老师如何点评12月考试→_→猛戳

  整体评估

  本篇相对于第二篇内容比较抽象,而且词汇难度较大,因此整体难度要高于第二篇,考生做题时不光要精准定位,而且还要在有单词不熟悉的情况下做出选择,对考生的词汇知识要求较高,不同于第二篇全是细节题,本篇还考察了态度题,态度题的答案不好把握,因为会遇到相似的表述,在考场上分秒必争和高度紧张的状态下,考生非常容易误选。

  题目

  Passage One

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

  Boredom has, paradoxically, become quite interesting to academics lately. In early May, London’s Boring Conference celebrated seven years of delighting in dullness. At this event, people flocked to talks about weather, traffic jams and vending-machine sounds, among other sleep-inducing topics.

  What, exactly, is everybody studying? One widely accepted definition of boredom is "the distasteful experience of wanting, but being unable. to engage in satisfying activity.” But how can you quantify a person's boredom level and compare it with someone else’s? In 1986, psychologists introduced the Boredom Proneness Scale, designed to measure an individual’s overall tendency to feel bored. By contrast, the Multidimensional State Boredom scale, developed in 2008, measures a person's felings of boredom in a given situation.

  Boredom has been linked to behavior issues including inattentive driving, mindless snacking, excessive drinking, and addictive gambling. In fact, many of us would choose pain over boredom. One team of psychologists discovered that two-thirds of men and a quarter of women would rather self-administer electric shocks than sit alone with their thoughts for 15 minutes. Researching this phenomenon, another team asked volunteers to watch boring, sad, or neutar films, during which they could self-administer elecric shocks. The bored volunteers shocked themselves more and harder than the sad or neutral ones did.

  But boredom isn't all bad. By encouraging self-reflection and daydreaming, it can spur activity. An early study gave participants abundant time to complete problem-solving and word-association exercises. Once all the obvious answers were exhausted, participants gave more and more incentive answers to combat boredom. A British study took these findings one step further, asking subjects to complete a creative challenge (coming up with a list of alternative uses for a household item). One group of subjects did a boring activity first, while the others went straight to the creative task. Those whose boredom pumps had been primed were more productive.

  In our always-connected world, boredom may be a hard-to-define state, but it is a fertile one. Watch paint dry or water boil, or at least put away your smartphone for a while, and you might unlock your next big idea.

  46. When are people likely to experience boredom, according to an accepted psychological definition?

  A) When they don’t have the chance to do what they want.

  B) When they don’t enjoy the materials they are studying.

  C) When they experience something unpleasant.

  D) When they engage in some routine activities.

  47. What does the author say boredom can lead to?

  A) Determination

  B) Mental deterioration

  C) Concentration

  D) Harmful conduct

  48. What is the findings of one team of psychologists in their experiment?

  A) Volunteers prefer watching a boring movie to sitting alone deliberating.

  B) Many volunteers choose to hurt themselves rather than endure boredom.

  C) Male volunteers are more immune to the effects of boredom than females.

  D) Many volunteers are unable to resist boredom longer than fifteen minutes.

  49. Why does the author say boredom isn’t all bad?

  A) It stimulates memorization.

  B) It may promote creative thinking.

  C) It allows time for relaxation.

  D) It may facilitate independent learning.

  50. What does the author suggests one do when faced with a challenging problem?

  A) Stop idling and think big.

  B) Unlock one’s smartphone.

  C) Look around oneself for stimulation.

  D) Allow oneself some time to be bored.

  答案解析

  A正确。根据题干an accepted psychological definition定位到第二段第二句,boredom is "the distasteful experience of wanting, but being unable。A项When they don’t have the chance to do what they want.是对定位句的同义替换。BCD的描述与原文给出的定义不符合。

  46. D正确。根据boredom can lead to可知,要找boredom的结果,定位到原文第三段第一句 Boredom has been linked to behavior issues including inattentive driving, mindless snacking, excessive drinking, and addictive gambling.这些内容都是不太好的行为,故可以排除A和C两个正面的选项,B智力退化过于严重,D有害的行为这一概括符合原文表述。

  47. B正确。根据one team of psychologists in their experiment定位到第三段第三句,要找findings,该句提到了 two-thirds of men and a quarter of women would rather self-administer electric shocks than sit alone with their thoughts for 15 minutes. B符合表述;A中prefer后面的内容和原文表述不同;C向male和female位置颠倒了,和原文不同.D的不能抵抗超过15分钟是对原文的曲解。

  48. B正确。根据题干定位到第四段第一句。该段234句都在解释boredom的好处,也就是能激发创造力。只有B项It may promote creative thinking符合原文意思。D容易误选,需要认真和原文比对。

  D正确。根据题干要找作者的建议,该段最后一句是作者的建议,建议我们利用boredom的时刻来激发创造性思维,获得灵感。D 项Allow oneself some time to be bored符合原文,A未提及,B和建议相反,C的stimulation未提及。

  考后关注

  新东方四六级查分,第一时间了解过没过线!关注新东方网四六级真题解析专题抢先get查分时间!

2020年12月四级真题答案解析
作文 2020年12月四级作文真题答案解析
听力 2020年12月四级听力试题答案解析
翻译 2020年12月四级翻译真题答案解析
阅读 2020年12月四级阅读真题答案解析
编辑推荐》》新东方教师解析大学英语四级+六级

  新东方热报课程推荐>>

  英语四级强化班|英语六级强化班

  考研公共课|考研无忧计划




官方微信:四六级小助手 (微信号:koolearncet

四六级免费好课、听说读写译方法、四六级最新资讯、海量过级资料!
扫描左侧二维码,关注免费领取!

资料下载

  • 四六级听力精华资料

    3342次下载 点击下载
  • 四六级阅读精华资料

    2621次下载 点击下载
  • 四六级写作精华资料

    4734次下载 点击下载
  • 四六级词汇精华资料

    1854次下载 点击下载
  • 四六级综合精华资料

    1391次下载 点击下载
  • 四六级口语精华资料

    1391次下载 点击下载
名称名称
300次下载

微信扫码关注"四六级小助手"服务号

即可立刻获取!

猜你喜欢

  • 动态
  • 报考
  • 成绩
  • 辅导

          新东方英语四六级辅导专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

          焦点推荐

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

          热搜关键词