2022-01-11 11:32





  Part I Writing

  The saying in question issimply telling us about the significance of independent thinking. If one doesn’twant to be ordinary, he has to be a person with independent thinking. Insteadof following the crowd, he makes his own decision and cares for his life goals.If he spends all his life doing what the people around him usually do, he willdefinitely achieve little of his dream.

  Many successful peopleaccomplished a great deal in their life, not because they’re extraordinarilyclever, but because they do what they think is right, never copying others’ wayof thinking or way of doing things. Steve Jobs, the late CEO of the Applecompany, is such a person with independent way of thinking. In designing newmodels of iPhones, he never tried to copy other mobile phone producers. He heldfast to his uniqueness in the design of iPhones. Of course, there were a lot ofprotest against his “stubbornness” in his products. However, he persisted indesigning his phones in his own way.

  Honestly speaking, to beindependent may meet a lot of challenges. However, it’s worthwhile securingindependent thinking both in life and at work. For one thing, schools shouldpay more attention to respecting the individuality in their students inclassroom teaching and to developing their awareness of their strengths. Foranother, the whole society should adopt a tolerant attitude towards people withindependent ways of thinking.

  Part II ListeningComprehension

  Section A

  1. W: Are you free to go to the library tonight and talkabout our group homework?

  M: Noproblem. I’ll hold you to that.

  Q: What willthe man probably do?

  2. M: Lisa, I need you to type this notice for me. Then,I’ll check it. After that, please paste it on the board.

  W: Ok, I’lldo it right away. It won’t take much time. Just wait a few minutes.

  Q: Wheredoes the conversation probably take place?

  3. W: I’ve been working so hard lately on my courses. I’mlooking forward to my trip to the Summer Palace during the upcoming Labor Dayholiday.

  M: Manypeople think alike. So, there’ll be millions and millions of people there duringthe holiday.

  Q: Whatdo we learn from the conversation?

  4. W: It’s tiring to keep on doing this physics experimentfor three hours. However, personally, I think it is a labor of love.

  M: That’sgreat. Anyway, please have a break to relax a bit.

  Q: Whatdoes the man mean?

  5. W: What happened to the stock market? It has been all greenall these seven months. And, it seems to continue to be worsening.

  M: Sucha bear market reflects the true profile of the current economic situation.

  Q: What doesthe man mean?

  6. M: Mark’s British accent is very appealing. I wish Icould speak just like he does.

  W: Goodluck to you. But, it seems American accent is in fashion now all over theworld.

  Q: What doesthe woman mean?

  7. M: The Internet connection seems to fail now. I couldn’temail Tim and tell him the rules for the book report.

  W: Whynot go straight to his dormitory and tell him face to face?

  Q: What does the womanmean?

  8. W: Yesterday I noticed that Jeff was absent from themeeting. What’s the matter with him? He has missed two important meetings tillnow.

  M: Asfar as I know, he has been away on a business trip these days.

  Q: Whatdoes the man mean?

  Conversation One

  W: Mr. Smith, I’m afraid Ihave to ask for a leave for a couple of days. I hope you can allow me to leavethe office temporarily.

  M: Why, Jane? You know, thisis our busiest days. And we’re going to put on an exhibition of our newproducts in a few days.

  W: I know, but I’m afraid Imust go for a few days. I must ask for a leave for my baby girl’s sake. You know.I’m always in good health. I seldom miss my work for my own reasons.

  M: I know you’re an excellentcolleague. But, what happened to your daughter?

  W: She’s got a serious cold,with the usual symptoms, like coughing and a stuffy nose. But, what worries meis that she’s running a horrible fever.

  M: The weather is bad thesedays. Many people caught a cold during this season. She’ll get over it, I hope.

  W: Thanks. The problem isthat she’s been having a very high temperature for three days. It scares me todeath.

  M: What did the doctor say?Did you take her to the hospital?

  W: Yes, I did. The doctorsaid she’s too young to recover as fast as adults. I think it might help if Istay home for a few days and take care of her.

  M: Anything is worthwhiletrying. Then forget your job for a couple of days and take good care of yourdaughter. Hope she’ll be fine soon.

  W: Millions of thanks to you,Mr. Smith. Bye, then.

  Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  9. Whydoes Jane ask for a leave?

  10. Whatcaused the little girl’s illness?

  11. Whatworries Jane most?

  Conversation Two

  W: I heard of solar energy.But, I’ve never seen how it works in daily life. I wish my mobile phone couldbe powered by solar energy. In that way, I don’t have to recharge the batterynow and then.

  M: You know, solar energy isthe most old and the primary source of energy known to us. The sun providesenergy to plants for the production of food which is vital for us human beings.We can also use this solar energy for the production of electricity. Do youwant to know how to utilize solar energy to produce electricity?

  W: It’s amazing. Please tellme now.

  M: One of usual practices isto concentrate solar energy. To be specific, a large area of sunlight will befocused into a small beam. The concentrated beam is used as a heat source toproduce electricity. Different types of panels are available to produce solarpower.

  W: That’s hard for me tounderstand. But, I know solar energy is pollution-free during use and itswastes and products can be easily managed.

  M: That’s true. Nowadays,when environmentalists and scientists are asking the whole world to understandthe danger of environmental pollution, solar power seems to be one of thesolutions for this ever evolving problem.

  W: As far as I know, it’s theuse of fossil fuel that causes most of the pollution.

  M: Yes, using fossil fuel mayrelease all those gases that warm the atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide, andeventually lead up to global warming. But, solar energy will not harm theenvironment a bit.

  Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have justheard.

  12. How does the sun help in providingmankind with food?

  13. What can be used to concentrate solarenergy?

  14. What do environmentalists want thegeneral public to do?

  15. What directly causes global warming?

  Section B

  Passage One

  Samuel Johnson is perhaps themost quoted of English writers. In English-speaking countries, the latter partof the eighteenth century is often called, simply, the Age of Johnson.

  Johnson was born in Lichfield,in 1709. His mother did not have enough milk for him, and so he was sent awayto be nursed. From his nurse he contracted a complicated kind of virus, leavinghim deaf in the left ear, almost blind in the left eye, and dim of vision inthe right eye.

  Young Johnson responded tohis disabilities by a fierce determination to be independent and to accept helpand pity from no one. When he was three or four years old, a household servantregularly took him to school and walked him home again. One day the servant wasnot there in time, and Johnson started for home by himself. Coming to an openditch across the street, he got down on all fours to peer at it beforeattempting to cross. His teacher had followed to watch him, and now approachedto help. He spied her, and angrily pushed her away.

  Sportswhere he had to see a ball were out of the question. He turned instead toswimming, leaping, and climbing. In his seventies, revisiting his nativeLichfield, he looked for a rail that he used to jump over as a boy, and havingfound it, he laid aside his hat and wig, and his coat, and leaped over ittwice, a feat that made him extremely excited.

  Questions16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  16.Who caused Johnson’s physical problems?

  17. Why did Johnson refuse his teacher’shelp on his way home?

  18. What sports was Johnson good at whenhe was young?

  Passage Two

  On someoccasions, like travelling or going on business in a foreign country, outsideUnited States, you have to drive a car. In order to drive abroad, you should becareful with the following preparations.

  It isillegal to drive without a valid license and insurance in most countries. Manycountries do not recognize U.S. driver’s licenses. Some, however, will acceptan International Driving Permit. International Driving Permits may not be valid for the length of yourstay abroad, and are often only valid if presented along with a valid U.S. orlocal license. So it is a good idea to plan ahead and check on the requirementsfor using your current license or qualifying for a local driver’s license inthe country you will be visiting or residing in.

  Carrental companies overseas can usually provide auto insurance, but in somecountries, the required coverage is minimal. When renting a car overseas,consider purchasing additional insurance coverage that is at least equivalentto what you carry at home.

  Ingeneral, your U.S. auto insurance does NOT cover you abroad; however, yourpolicy may apply when you drive to countries neighboring the United States.Check with your insurer before you leave to see if your policy covers you inCanada, Mexico, or elsewhere.

  Even ifyour policy is valid in a particular country, it may not meet that country’sminimum requirements. If you are under-insured, you can usually purchaseadditional auto insurance in the United States or in your destination country.

  Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  19. What was mentioned of a U.S. driver’slicense?

  20. When renting a car overseas, what doyou have to do?

  21. What’s the speaker’s advice oninsurance when travelling and driving in Canada?

  Passage Three

  You can tell the successfulstaff at the workplace from those who are not so successful, based upon howthey get along with others in the office. The popular people at work usuallyengage people in a professional and respectful manner that adheres to certaintraits. This helps the business’s bottom line, since positive employeeinteraction drives the organization.

  Building employee teamworkhas been a common theme among management lately. Company socials and outings,promoting exercise through hiking or friendly weight-loss contests, and othermood-boosting strategies are fine.

  But fancy plans aren’t alwaysneeded. Sometimes the simple approach is the best. So here and now I put forwardjust one suggestion to maintain positive relations at work. Best of all, thesetips don’t cost money!

  My advice is to practicecommon courtesy. This one should be self-explanatory, but I live in NewEngland, which can be known for distant or unfriendly attitudes. Look, there’snothing sounding strange than walking down the hall at work and greeting acoworker with a friendly “Hello” only to receive a stony stare in response, orno acknowledgment at all. I’m not saying you should throw colorful paper thingsand hand out balloons, but a simple exchange of smiles and a “Hi” is the firststep in forming a constructive workplace. Make eye contact and refer to peopleby name. This is the oil that keeps the engine of cooperation running smoothly.It doesn’t mean you have to chat over coffee for an hour and it certainly doesn’tmean you have to kiss anyone.

  Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  22. What is mentioned as astrategy to build employee teamwork?

  23. What is the speaker’sadvice to maintain positive relations at work?

  24. What can be inferredabout people in New England?

  25. Why doesn’t thespeaker agree to kissing colleagues?

  Section C

  In the last two years, I’verealized that the greatest lesson we can all learn is that less is enough. In atime when online interactions can become 26.casually inauthentic, mindfulness is not just a matter of fosteringincreased awareness. It’s about relating meaningfully to other people andourselves. With this goal in mind, here I’ve 27. compiled some tips for using social media mindfully.

  First off, you should knowyour 28. intentions. Scholarshave identified seven psychological needs we may be looking to meet when we logon: acknowledgment, attention, 29. approval,appreciation, acclaim (赞扬), assurance, and inclusion.Before you post, ask yourself: Am I looking to be seen or validated? Is theresomething more 30. constructiveI could do to meet that need?

  In the second place, you’reexpected to be your authentic self. In the age of personal 31. branding, most of us have a personalitywe’d like to develop or maintain. Ego-driven postings 32. focus on an agenda; authenticitycommunicates from the heart. Talk about the things that really matter to you.If you need advice or support, ask for it. It’s easier to be 33. present when you’re being true toyourself.

  Lastly, if you propose to postsomething, always ask yourself: Is it true? Is it necessary? Is it kind? Sometimeswe post thoughts without considering how they might 34. impact our entire audience. It’s easy to forget how manyfriends are reading. Two hundred people make a crowd 35. in person, but online that number can seem insignificant.Before you share, ask yourself: is there anyone this might harm?


  Part II ListeningComprehension

  1.C 2. C 3. B 4.C 5. A 6. A 7. B 8. C9.B 10. A

  11. C12.D 13. B 14. A 15. D16.A 17. D 18. C19. A 20.D

  21. B22. D 23. D 24. A 25. B

  26. casually 27. compiled 28. intentions 29. approval 30. constructive

  31. branding 32. focuson 33. present 34. impact 35. in person

  Part III Reading Comprehension

  Section A

  36. M 37. C 38. A 39.N 40. H

  41. B 42. J 43. D 44.F 45. O

  Section B

  46. J 47. M 48. H 49. B 50. I

  51. O 52. E 53. A 54. L 55. C

  Section C

  Passage One

  56. C 57. C 58.B 59. B 60. A

  Passage Two

  61. A 62. B 63.A 64. C 65. B

  Part IV Translation

  The Yuan dynasty, officiallythe Great Yuan, was the empire or ruling dynasty established by Kublai Khan,leader of the Mongolian clan. Although the Mongols had ruled territoriesincluding today’s North China for decades, it was not until 1271 that KublaiKhan officially proclaimed the dynasty in the traditional Chinese style. Hisrealm controlled most of present-day China and its surrounding areas, includingmodern Mongolia and Korea. It was the first foreign dynasty to rule all ofChina and lasted until 1368. Only some of the Mongolian Emperors of the Yuanmastered the Chinese language, while the others only used their native language—Mongolian.


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