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2015年12月英语六级考试模拟题及答案(2)

2015-12-03 14:39

来源:新东方网整理

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  Part I Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: A way from Net-bar Campaign. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:

  1. 新闻媒体披露,徐州某中学1000多名学生签名;庄严承诺“远离网吧”

  2. 分析“远离网吧”运动的原因

  3. 做出对比和评论

  Away from Net-bar Campaign

  Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

  Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-4, markY (for YES if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage;NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage.

  For questions 5-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

  Suggestions for Your Work

  Annie is a longtime secretary/receptionist for two senior vice presidents at a big company. They have been doing a lot of hiring lately, and almost all of the new middle-management personnel have been interviewed by one or the other of Annie's two bosses, so naturally they come through her office first.

  Some of these people are unbelievably rude. Either they treat Annie like a piece of furniture (no hello, no eye contact) or they think she is their errand(差使)girl. Lately, Annie's two bosses have started asking her for her impressions of job candidates. So far this week, two have been discourteous(失礼的)and dismissive, so Annie gave both the thumbs-down. Neither is getting called back for the next round of interviews.

  No one knows how common this is, but if you are job hunting, it's necessary to be aware that the dummy at the reception desk may be anything but not "just a secretary".

  Suggestions to Job Hunters

  According to Annie Stevens and Greg Gostanian, two partners at a Boston-based executive coaching firm called Clear Rock, it's not unusual these days for a hiring manager to ask everyone who meets a potential new hire to give an opinion of him or her. "One of the biggest reasons so many newly recruited managers fail in a new job is their inability to fit in and get along with the people who are already there," says Stevens. "So employers now want to get staffers' impressions right at the start."

  Adds Gostanian:" A lot can be learned from how candidates treat receptionists. If the jobseeker is rude, condescending, or arrogant, this might be an indication of how he or she would treat coworkers or direct reports."

  Obviously, anyone looking for a new job would do well not to alienate the person who sits outside the interviewer's door. Stevens and Gostanian offer these six tips for getting off to the right start:

  ?Introduce yourself as you would to any other potential new colleague. Smile, shake hands, and so on. It seems odd that this has to be spelled out, but apparently it does; and, besides being a matter of common courtesy, ordinary friendliness offers a practical advantage. "Learning and remembering an interviewer's receptionist's name can only help as you advance in the interviewing process," Stevens notes.

  ?Don't regard a receptionist or other assistant as an underling(部下)—at least, not as your own personal underling. "Always ask the interviewer if you need help from anyone else in the office where you're interviewing, instead of seeking this directly yourself," says Gostanian. In other words, if you'd like to leave an extra copy of your resume, refrain from sending the interviewer's assistant to the Xerox machine.

  ?It's fine to accept if you're offered a beverage, but keep it simple. "Don't ask for particular brand names or expect to be brewed a fresh pot of coffee," Stevens says. And of course, need we add that dispatching anybody to Starbucks is out of the question?

  ?Feel free to make small talk, but know that anything you say may well get back to the interviewer. "Don't ask probing questions about the company or offer unsolicited opinions," Gostanian advises. No matter how hideous the office door, endless the hike from the parking lot, or inconvenient the wait to see the interviewer, keep it to yourself. Plenty of time for whining(抱怨)and grumbling after you're hired.

  ?Don't talk on your cell phone in front of the receptionist, and try to put your BlackBerry aside. "If you have to make or take a call, leave the reception area," Stevens says. Preoccupation with wireless devices will mark you, she says, as "a cold and fixated person".

  ?Don't forget to say good-bye. "Failure to say good-bye to someone you've just met reflects negatively on you," Gostanian notes. "You'll come across as impersonal and uncaring." That's hardly the image any job hunter wants to project.

  How to Measure Your Work

  Any job, like any relationship, has its difficult moments. And with the job market heating up, the temptations to change partners are growing.

  As with any relationship, however, you really should assess the full value of what you've got before giving it up wholesale, because—let's fact it—regret really is a waste of your time.

  Regardless of the main task of a job—be it bond trading, teaching, balancing the books, or cleaning hotel rooms—are there objective criteria that you can use to measure whether your job is wonderful or not?

  Workplace experts Marcus Buckingham and Curt Coffman have identified several. In their book First, Break All the Rules: What the World's Greatest Managers Do Differently, they offer a useful guide in the form of 12 questions:

  ?Do I know what's expected of me at work?

  ?Do I have the materials and equipment I need to do my work right?

  ?At work, do I have the opportunity to do what I do best every day?

  ?In the last 7 days, have I received recognition or praise for doing good work?

  ?Does my supervisor, or someone at work, seem to care about me as a person?

  ?Is there someone at work who encourages my development?

  ?At work, do my opinions seem to count?

  ?Does the mission/purpose of my company make me feel my job is important?

  ?Are my coworkers committed to doing quality work?

  ?Do I have a best friend at work?

  ?In the last six months, has someone at work talked to me about my progress?

  ?This last year, have I had opportunities at work to learn and to grow?

  Buckingham and Coffman picked these 12 questions after looking for patterns among the responses of more than 1 million employees to workplace questions posed by the Gallup Organization over the years.

  "We were searching for those special questions where the most engaged employees ... answered positively, and everyone else...answered neutrally or negatively," they wrote.

  Their reasoning: they wanted to identify the key elements of a strong workplace that can attract and retain talent.

  Satisfaction with pay and benefits didn't make the list not because they're not important, Coffman said, but because they're important to all employees, whether they're engaged in their work or not.

  So, assuming you feel you're paid the going rate for your job, answering affirmatively to all or even most of the 12 questions can be an indication that you've got a great job that you should part with only for very good reason. And if job satisfaction is important to you, then the promise of a bigger paycheck alone may not be reason enough.

  When Coffman is asked what percentage of companies he thinks actually pass the 12-question test, his estimate is no more than 15 percent. But within a company, he said, individual departments may meet the test, even if the company overall doesn't.

  Why? The manager of a department makes all the difference. Coffman said when an employee quits, 70 percent of the time she's not leaving because of the job, she's leaving because of the manager.

  One cautionary note: your job may not be as wonderful for you as you think if you answer a majority of the 12 questions affirmatively but the few questions that you can't are among the first six. That's because the first six questions make up the base on which job satisfaction rests, according to Buckingham and Coffman. If your current job doesn't meet the first six criteria, you are more likely to be disengaged with your work and less productive than you could be.

  Consider question three after all. Do you have the opportunity to do what you do best everyday? "If you're not able to use your gifts every day, you'll be pretty frustrated," Coffman said.

  Of course, job satisfaction isn't a one-way street with a department either meeting your needs or not. In order to answer the 12 questions honestly, you need to know what it is that makes you tick and not blindly blame your department for any job dissatisfaction.

  Do you know what it is you like to do and what you do best? What kind of recognition do you like? Public or private? What are your values and do they square with your company's goals? How do you like a manager to relate to you?

  Otherwise, your career, like a string of bad relationships, can become a case of "different partner, same problems".

  1. When you go to a company for an interview, there is no need to care the feelings of the receptionists.

  2. According to Annie Stevens, many newly recruited managers fail in a new job because they cannot get along with their coworkers.

  3. If you want to get off to the right start, you should treat the receptionists as your potential bosses.

  4. If you fail to say "thank you" to the receptionists, they will have negative impressions of you.

  5. If you want to give up a job wholesale, you should evaluate ________ from it.

  6. When you are measuring your work, you should consider that if there is someone at work who encourages your development and talks to you about __________.

  7. The question about satisfaction with pay and benefits is not included in the 12 questions because it's important to all employees, whether ________ or not.

  8. Even if the company overall cannot pass the 12-question test, ________ may pass it.

  9. You should pay special attention to the first six questions of the 12 questions because they make up the base on which ________.

  10. If you want to answer the 12 questions honestly, you should know what makes you not blindly blame your department for ________.

  Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

  Education is a long process that not only provides us with basic skills such as literacy and numeracy, but is also essential in shaping our future lives. From the moment we enter 47 as small children, and as we progress through primary and secondary education, we are laying the foundation for the life ahead of us. We must 48 ourselves to work hard so that we can pass exams and gain the qualifications we will need to 49 a good job. We must also acquire 50 life skills so that we can fit in and work with those around us. And of course health education helps us to understand how we can stay 51 and healthy.

  For most people, this process ends when they are in their mid-to-late teens. For others, however, it is the beginning of a(n) 52 of learning. After they finish school, many progress to 53 education where they will learn more useful skills such as computer literacy or basic business management. Others will enroll in a program of 54 education at a university where, with hard work, they will have the opportunity to graduate after three or four years with a well-earned degree. After that, they may work for a while before 55 to study for a higher degree—an M.A., for example, or a PhD. And if they live a long way from a college or university, they might follow a correspondence course using mail and the Internet. In fact, it is 56 due to the proliferation of computers that many people, who have not been near a school for many years, have started to study again and can proudly class themselves as mature students.

  [A] changing

  [B] secure

  [C] longer

  [D] kindergarten

  [E] higher

  [F] lifetime

  [G] deepen

  [H] largely

  [I] discipline

  [J] fit

  [K] opting

  [L] school

  [M] valuable

  [N] heavily

  [O] further

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