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2018年6月英语四级词汇练习及答案(42)

2018-02-11 10:03

来源:新东方整理

作者:

  1.Professor Smith asked his secretary to ____ a hundred copies of this article on the duplicating machine.

  A) run down B) run off

  C) run over D) run into

  2.The purpose of the new economic policy is not to hinder economic growth____to guide it in a beneficial way.

  A) and B) as

  C) but D) except

  3.Since you don’t feel ____to cook dinner tonight, what about dining out?

  A) inclined B) pleased

  C) obliged D) apt

  4.The people in that remote area still live on ____ means because the economy there is underdeveloped.

  A) difficult B) modest

  C) arduous D) domestic

  5.____ I admire him as a doctor, but I don’t like him as a man.

  A) Much as B) So much

  C) As much D) Much so

  6.They were enjoying themselves. ____, they appeared to be enjoying themselves.

  A) However B) Instead

  C) Or rather D) As a result

  7.Considering the present birth rate, the prediction that the world population will decrease in the near future simply does not ____.

  A) exist B) prove

  C) stand D) hold

  8.The tremendous waves ____ the whole village.

  A) conquered B) imprisoned

  C) confined D) inundated

  9.Old as the machine is, it is in ____ good order.

  A) reasonably B) rationally

  C) probably D) occasionally

  10.We rarely perceive more than a minute ____ of the sights and sounds that fall upon our sense organs; the great majority pass us by.

  A) fiction B) function

  C) fraction D) friction

  答案与解析:

  1.B。

  史密斯教授请他的秘书用复印机把这篇文章复印100份。本题是动词短语辨析题,要求考生对run的相关动词短语的用法非常了解。四个选项的常用意思分别是:run down—停止,把……撞倒;run off—逃跑,驱逐;run over—撞倒,掠过;run into—偶然遇见,遭遇。但考生只掌握这些意思还远远不够,比如run off在口语中还表示“复印,印刷,打印”,本题即此用法。

  2.C。

  新的经济政策的目的不是为了阻碍经济的增长,而是指导经济沿着有益的方向发展。本题考察固定搭配的使用。固定搭配not ..., but...表示“不是……而是……”,其他三个选项均不能和not构成搭配。

  3.A。

  既然你今天晚上不想做饭,我们出去吃怎么样?考察考生对inclined, pleased, obliged, apt等词语的习惯用语的实际应用能力。feel inclined to do sth. 相当于have a wish to do sth.,表示“想做某事”;be pleased with sb./sth. 表示“对……人/事感到满意”;be obliged to sb.表示“感谢(某人)”, be obliged to do sth.则表示“不得不/必须(做某事)”;apt 的常用词语包括:be apt at (善于, 巧于),be apt for(适合),be apt to/to do sth.(易于动辄, 往往有可能)。

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